CA Technologies
CA, INC. (Form: 10-K, Received: 05/15/2009 08:26:48)
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-K
     
(Mark One)
   
  ü     Annual Report Pursuant To Section 13 or 15(d)
of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
    For The Fiscal Year Ended March 31, 2009
    OR
        Transition Report Pursuant To Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
    Commission file number 1-9247
 
CA, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
     
Delaware   13-2857434
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)   (I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
One CA Plaza,
Islandia, New York
  11749
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)   (Zip Code)
1-800-225-5224
 
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
     
(Title of each class)   (Name of each exchange on which registered)
Common stock, par value $0.10 per share
  The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Stock Purchase Rights Preferred Stock, Class A
  The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
 
None
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.   ü    Yes          No
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act.        Yes     ü    No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   ü    Yes          No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).         Yes          No
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.       
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
ü    Large accelerated filer        Accelerated filer           Non-accelerated filer
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).        Yes     ü    No
 
The aggregate market value of the common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of September 30, 2008 (the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter) was approximately $7.7 billion based on the closing price of $19.96 on the NASDAQ Stock Market LLC on that date.
 
The number of shares of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock outstanding at May 8, 2009 was 518,836,593 shares of common stock, par value $0.10 per share.
 
Documents Incorporated by Reference:
Part III: Portions of the Proxy Statement to be issued in conjunction with the registrant’s 2009 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.


 

CA, Inc.
Table of Contents
 
                 
Part I
      Business     1  
      Risk Factors     7  
      Properties     15  
      Legal Proceedings     15  
      Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders     16  
 
Part II
      Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities     18  
      Selected Financial Data     19  
      Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Result of Operations     20  
      Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk     42  
      Financial Statements and Supplementary Data     43  
      Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure     43  
      Controls and Procedures     43  
      Other Information     44  
 
Part III
      Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance     45  
      Executive Compensation     45  
      Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters     45  
      Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence     45  
      Principal Accountant Fees and Services     45  
 
Part IV
      Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules     46  
    52  
  EX-12.1
  EX-21
  EX-23
  EX-31.1
  EX-31.2
  EX-32


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This Annual Report on Form 10-K (Form 10-K) contains certain forward-looking information relating to CA, Inc. (the “Company,” “Registrant,” “CA,” “we,” “our,” or “us”), that is based on the beliefs of, and assumptions made by, our management as well as information currently available to management. When used in this Form 10-K, the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking information. Such information includes, for example, the statements made under the caption “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” under Item 7, but also appears in other parts of this Form 10-K. This forward-looking information reflects our current views with respect to future events and is subject to certain risks, uncertainties, and assumptions, some of which are described under the caption “Risk Factors” in Part I Item 1A and elsewhere in this Form 10-K. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties occur, or should our assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary materially from those described in this Form 10-K as anticipated, believed, estimated, or expected. We do not intend to update these forward-looking statements.
 
The product and services names mentioned in this Form 10-K are used for identification purposes only and may be protected by trademarks, trade names, services marks and/or other intellectual property rights of the Company and/or other parties in the United States and/or other jurisdictions. The absence of a specific attribution in connection with any such mark does not constitute a waiver of any such right. ITIL is a registered trademark of the Office of Government Commerce in the United Kingdom and other countries. All other trademarks, trade names, service marks and logos referenced herein, belong to their respective companies.
 
References in this Form 10-K to fiscal 2009, fiscal 2008, fiscal 2007 and fiscal 2006, etc. are to our fiscal years ended on March 31, 2009, 2008, 2007 and 2006, etc., respectively.
 
Part I
 
ITEM 1. Business
 
(a) General Development of Business
Overview
CA, Inc. is the world’s leading independent information technology (IT) management software company. We help organizations manage IT to become lean and more productive, which can help them better compete, innovate and grow. We develop and deliver software that makes it easier for organizations to manage IT throughout complex computing environments. With our vision for Enterprise IT Management (EITM) and our expertise, organizations can more effectively govern, manage and secure the services IT delivers to the business to reduce costs and risks, improve service and ensure IT is integrated with the business.
 
We address the entire computing environment, which includes all of the people, information, processes, systems, networks, applications and databases from a Web service to the mainframe to a virtualized “cloud”, regardless of the hardware or software customers are using. We serve the majority of the Forbes Global 2000 companies, who rely on our software, in part, to manage mission-critical aspects of their businesses. We have a broad portfolio of software products and services that address our customers’ needs for mainframe and distributed environments, spanning IT governance, IT management and IT security. Key focus areas include: infrastructure management, project and portfolio management, security management, service management, application performance management, and data center automation and virtualization.
 
The Company was incorporated in Delaware in 1974, began operations in 1976 and completed an initial public offering of common stock in December 1981. Prior to April 28, 2008, our common stock was traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “CA.” On April 28, 2008, we commenced trading on The NASDAQ Global Select Market tier of The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC under the same symbol.
 
Fiscal 2009 Business Developments and Highlights
The following are some significant fiscal 2009 developments and highlights relating to our business:
 
    In February 2009, we completed a cash tender offer for our outstanding 4.750% Senior Notes due December 1, 2009. We received valid tenders of $176 million of the aggregate principal amount of the notes. During fiscal 2009, we also repurchased $148 million of the aggregate principal amount of these notes in the open market. In total, we reduced our obligations relating to these Notes from $500 million to $176 million during fiscal 2009.

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    In December 2008, we released our first Global Corporate Sustainability Report, “Connected.” The report affirms our dedication to growing the company in environmentally and socially sustainable ways, and highlights our commitment to our own sustainability, as well as our unique role as a leading provider of software management solutions that enable customers to achieve their business and sustainability goals.
 
    In November 2008, we held our 13th user conference, CA World, in Las Vegas. CA World 2008 brought together more than 5,000 IT professionals from more than 70 countries to exchange IT management strategies for transforming IT from a cost center into an enabler of innovation and business growth.
 
    In November 2008, we announced a Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) delivery option for our market leading enterprise-class solution, Clarity tm Project & Portfolio Manager PPM. By extending the availability options for our award-winning Clarity product, we now provide CIOs and business executives with best-in-class functionality through a flexible SaaS delivery model.
 
    In October 2008, we announced plans to expand our India Technology Center (ITC) with the construction of a new 180,000 square foot building on our campus in Hyderabad.
 
    In October 2008, our Board of Directors approved a new stock repurchase program that authorizes the Company to buy up to $250 million of our common stock.
 
    In September 2008, we began offering broad-based support for Microsoft’s virtualization technology across our Recovery Management, Virtualization Management, Security and Systems Management products. This support will help Microsoft customers effectively govern, manage and secure even the most complex virtualized environments.
 
    In September 2008, we enhanced our Clarity tm Project & Portfolio Manager solution by fully integrating cost and schedule measurement functionality to help U.S. federal government agencies and contractors conform to the ANSI/EIA-748 standard for Earned Value Management Systems.
 
    In September 2008, we released CA GRC Manager NERC Program Accelerator, a complete North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) compliance program for power and utility customers.
 
    In July 2008, we launched a customized channel partner program dedicated to our global Internet Security partners’ focus on our anti-malware product portfolio. The program for Internet Security will help value-added resellers, retailers and technology partners market and sell solutions to service small, medium and large organizations, as well as the home and home office market.
 
    In June 2008, we released eight new and updated solutions that deliver on our vision of Enterprise IT Management to enable customers to govern, manage and secure the services IT delivers to the business. Our new offerings include products for managing compliance and risk across mainframe and distributed computing environments, and products that build on our latest advances in automation.
 
  We made the following additions to our Board of Directors:
 
    In November 2008, Kay Koplovitz was elected to our Board of Directors. Ms. Koplovitz was named to the Board’s Corporate Governance Committee.
 
    In April 2008, Arthur F. Weinbach was elected to our Board of Directors and named to the Board’s Compensation and Human Resources Committee. In September 2008, Mr. Weinbach was also named to the Board’s Audit Committee.
 
(b) Financial Information About Segments
Our global business consists of a single industry segment — the design, development, marketing, licensing and support of IT management software products that operate on a wide range of hardware platforms and operating systems. Refer to Note 5 “Segment and Geographic Information,” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for financial data pertaining to our segment and geographic operations.
 
(c) Narrative Description of the Business
As the world’s leading independent IT management software company, we help organizations manage IT to become lean and more productive by helping them automate and improve IT processes at a reduced cost, which helps them better compete, innovate and grow. We develop and deliver software that makes it easier for organizations to manage IT throughout complex computing environments, including handheld to mainframe, physical to virtual, and on-premises to “cloud”. With our vision for

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Enterprise IT Management (EITM) and our expertise, organizations can more effectively govern, manage and secure the services IT delivers to the business to reduce costs and risks, improve service and ensure IT is integrated with the business.
 
We support our customers’ needs to govern, manage and secure the services IT delivers to the business as follows:
 
Govern:
We help our customers automate IT governance and various aspects of business governance. IT governance is the process of deciding about the priorities of their IT investments and how IT will allocate its human and financial resources to support those priorities. Business governance includes risk management, policy and regulatory compliance management, and information governance (such as records and messaging management). IT governance is addressed by CA Clarity tm Project & Portfolio Manager, our market-leading, enterprise-class PPM solution. Business governance is addressed by our CA GRC Manager and Information Governance products.
 
Manage:
We make it easier to manage technology so that high-quality IT services can be delivered within our customers’ businesses at a competitive cost. We focus on service management, data center automation and application performance management, which includes offerings such as CA Wily Introscope ® ; and infrastructure management, which includes offerings such as CA SPECTRUM Network Fault Manager, CA eHealth ® Network Performance Manager and CA NSM.
 
Secure:
We help ensure customers have secure access to the information, applications, systems and services they need to conduct their businesses. We focus on identity and access management, as well as security information management and threat management, which include CA Access Control, CA Identity Manager and CA SiteMinder.
 
We believe this is important because IT has become more critical than ever to running a business. Organizations rely on IT to conduct day-to-day business, and they are increasingly using IT to do more, including: comply with regulations, ensure security, manage costs and risks, manage resources, and manage energy consumption, enabling organizations to increase revenue and profit. At the same time, organizations continue to add new technology to their computing environments, taking advantage of trends such as cloud computing, virtualization and Software-as-a-Service (SaaS), which makes the computing environment more complex.
 
We believe that to get the most out of their technology, organizations must be able to manage IT as a whole and not as isolated functions unable to work together. We see IT, when managed well, as a business driver, not a cost center. We believe organizations that are able to manage their entire IT environment, eliminate waste, become leaner and more productive are able to compete more effectively and even thrive.
 
We base our beliefs on our decades of experience with some of the world’s largest, most sophisticated users of IT. CA focuses on enterprise customers who, by the nature of their size and the complexity of their IT infrastructures, have unique demands that our software and services are well suited to meet.
 
Our strategy is to enable Chief Information Officers (CIOs) to realize increasing levels of value from their IT investments by helping them manage IT to solve their business problems, move their businesses forward and achieve a compelling return on their investments in CA technology.
 
Business Organization
Our Company is organized to support our customers’ needs and our business strategy, from how we develop and deliver products and services to how we market and sell our software and how we support our technology. We group our products into solution sets under our govern, manage and secure framework. The products we develop are based on areas of focus where we believe we have the greatest growth opportunities and leading solutions.
 
Our main areas of focus for mainframe and distributed environments are:
 
    infrastructure management
 
    project and portfolio management
 
    IT security management, including compliance and risk management
 
    service management

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    application performance management, and
 
    data center automation and virtualization
 
We continuously enhance our areas of focus to meet the needs of our customers and the market, which includes SaaS, cloud computing, and other areas considered emerging technologies.
 
Sales and Marketing
We offer our solutions through our direct sales force, and indirectly through global systems integrators, managed service providers, technology partners, EITM value-added resellers, original equipment manufacturers and distribution and volume partners. We have a disciplined, structured and systematic selling process through which we concentrate on our focus areas for both the distributed and mainframe environment.
 
These areas allow us to address customer needs and deepen relationships while opening the door for us to cross-sell and up-sell additional solutions. We rely on our marketing organization to help us identify new market opportunities, provide fact-based insight on industry and customer trends, and build awareness of our products globally to help drive sales.
 
Our sales organization operates on a worldwide basis. We operate through branches, subsidiaries and partners around the world. Approximately 46% of our revenue in fiscal 2009 was from operations outside of the United States. As of March 31, 2009 and March 31, 2008, we had approximately 3,200 and 3,300 sales and sales support personnel, respectively. In certain smaller geographic locations, including in the Asia-Pacific-Japan region, we use our distribution and resale partners as our primary selling vehicle.
 
CA Customer Value Network
To guide customers through the process of selecting, implementing and using IT management software and help them gain business value at every stage of the software lifecycle, we deliver proven, quality solutions and serve as a knowledgeable, trusted partner through a range of offerings and programs that make up the CA Customer Value Network.
 
The CA Customer Value Network is comprised of CA Education, CA Services, CA Support, CA Partners and CA Communities. CA Education, CA Services, CA Support, and CA Partners provide numerous offerings from solution implementation to technology consultation, educational programs and support services, throughout the customer’s software ownership. CA Communities provide programs that can help customers solve problems, network with peers, and gain insight into new products and product development to maximize efficiency, performance and business results.
 
Partners
As an integral part of our strategy, we enter into contractual arrangements with third parties to facilitate the development and sale of our products. We utilize a broad base of partners to enable us to reach more customers, stay ahead of technology trends, complement our expertise in niche areas and provide fulfillment and distribution.
 
We work with several types of partners:
 
    Global Systems Integrators (GSIs) offer process design and planning as well as vertical expertise. We work with GSIs including, but not limited to, Accenture, Deloitte and PricewaterhouseCoopers.
 
    Managed Service Providers at both the global and regional level. These companies, including but not limited to, CSC, EDS and IBM, often deliver IT services using our software products to organizations that prefer to outsource their IT operations.
 
    Technology Partners are leading platform and application vendors who enable strong product integration and technical collaboration by helping us ensure that CA products and our partners’ products deliver comprehensive solutions for our customers’ IT environments. Some of our valued partners include Microsoft, SAP and VMware, which help us adapt and respond to the emergence of new technologies and trends, such as virtualization and cloud computing.
 
    EITM Value-Added Resellers combine our software products with specialized consulting services and provide enhanced, user-specific solutions to a particular market or sector.
 
    Distributors and Volume Partners enable us to broaden our reach to the Small and Medium Business market segment and provide efficient personalized local delivery, service and support to our customers in that market.

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Customers
We have a large and broad base of customers, including the majority of the Forbes Global 2000. Most of our revenue is generated from customers who have the ability to make substantial commitments to software and hardware implementations. Our software products are used in a broad range of industries, businesses and applications. We currently service companies across most major industries worldwide, including banks, insurance companies, other financial services providers, governmental agencies, manufacturers, technology companies, retailers, educational institutions and health care institutions.
 
When customers enter into software license agreements with us, they often pay for the right to use our software for a specified period of time. When the terms of these agreements expire, the customers may either renew the license agreements or pay usage and maintenance fees, if applicable, for the right to continue to use our software, receive support, and/or receive future upgrades. Our customers’ satisfaction is important to us and we believe that our flexible business model allows us to maintain our customer base while allowing us to cross-sell new software products and services to them.
 
No individual customer accounted for a material portion of our revenue during any of the past three fiscal years. As of March 31, 2009, three customers accounted for substantially all of our outstanding prior business model net receivables, which amounted to approximately $240 million, including one large IT outsourcing customer with a license arrangement that extends through fiscal 2012 with a net unbilled receivable balance of approximately $232 million. Refer to “Business Model” in Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” for further information.
 
Research and Development
We continue to invest extensively in product development and enhancements. We anticipate that we will continue to adapt our software products to the rapid changes in the IT industry and will continue to enhance our products to help them remain compatible with hardware, operating system changes and our customers’ needs.
 
Our research and development activities include a number of efforts. We established CA Labs in 2005 to strengthen relationships between research communities and us. We formed the CA Council for Technical Excellence in 2006 to lead innovative projects designed to promote communication, collaboration, and synergy among CA’s global technical community.
 
To keep us on top of major technological advances and to ensure our products continue to work well with those of other vendors, we are active in most major standards organizations and take the lead in many. Many of our professionals are certified across key standards, including ITIL ® , PMI, CISPP, and have built knowledge and expertise in key vertical markets, such as financial services, government, telecommunications, insurance, health care, manufacturing and retail. Further, we were the first major software company to earn the International Organization for Standardization’s (ISO) 9001:2000 Global Certification.
 
We have approximately 5,600 engineers globally who design and support CA software and have charged to operations $486 million, $526 million and $557 million in fiscal 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively, for product development and enhancements. In fiscal 2009, 2008 and 2007, we capitalized costs of $129 million, $112 million and $85 million, respectively, for internally developed software.
 
Our product development staff is global, with locations in Australia, Canada, China, the Czech Republic, Germany, India, Israel, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States. We collaborate in both physical and virtual labs. Our technological efforts around the world ensure we maintain a global perspective of customer needs while cost-effectively tapping the skills and talents of developers worldwide, and enable us to efficiently and effectively support our customers.
 
In the United States, product development is primarily performed at our facilities in Redwood City, and San Francisco, California; Lisle, Illinois; Framingham, Massachusetts; Ewing, New Jersey; Islandia, New York; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Plano, Texas; and Herndon, Virginia.
 
Patents and Trademarks
Certain aspects of our products and technology are proprietary. We rely on U.S. and foreign intellectual property laws, including patent, copyright, trademark and trade secret laws to protect our proprietary rights. However, the extent and duration of protection given to different types of intellectual property rights vary under different countries’ legal systems. In some countries, full-scale intellectual property protection for our products and technology may be unavailable, or the laws of other jurisdictions may not protect our proprietary technology rights to the same extent as the laws of the United States. We also maintain contractual restrictions in our agreements with customers, employees and others to protect our intellectual

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property rights. In addition, we occasionally license software and technology from third parties, including some competitors, and incorporate them into our own software products.
 
We maintain a portfolio of U.S. and foreign patents that generally expire at various times over the next 20 years. Although the durations and geographic patent coverage for our inventions may vary, we believe our patent portfolio adequately protects our interests. We expect to maintain a patent portfolio that includes more than 400 issued patents and 700 pending applications in the United States and the European Union.
 
The source code for our products is protected both as trade secrets and as copyrighted works. Some of our customers are beneficiaries of a source code escrow arrangement that enables our customers to obtain a contingent, limited right to access our source code.
 
We are not aware that our products or technologies infringe on the proprietary rights of third parties. Third parties, however, have asserted and may assert infringement claims against us with respect to our products, and any such assertion may require us to enter into royalty arrangements or result in costly and time-consuming litigation. Although we have a number of U.S. and foreign patents and pending applications that may have value to various aspects of our products and technology, we are not aware of any single patent that is essential to us or to any of our principal business product areas.
 
Product Licensing
Our licensing model offers customers a wide range of purchasing and payment options. Under our flexible licensing terms, customers can license our software products under multi-year licenses, with most customers choosing terms of one to three years, although longer terms are sometimes selected by customers who desire greater cost certainty. We also help customers reduce uncertainty by providing a standard pricing schedule based on simple usage tiers. Additionally, we offer our customers the ability to establish pricing models for our products based on their key business metrics. Although this practice is not widely used by our customers, we believe this metric-based approach can provide us with a competitive advantage in certain circumstances.
 
On licenses sold for our mainframe products and most of our distributed products, we offer our customers the right to receive unspecified future software products for no additional fee, as well as maintenance included during the term of the license. On licenses sold for certain products or through certain indirect channels, we do not offer our customers unspecified future software products and do not always include maintenance with the license sale. For a description of our revenue recognition policies, refer to Note 1, “Significant Accounting Policies”, in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
Competition
The enterprise management software business is highly competitive and is marked by rapid technological change, the steady emergence of new companies and products, evolving industry standards and changing customer needs. We compete with many established companies in the markets we serve. Some of these companies have substantially greater financial, marketing, and technological resources, broader distribution capabilities, earlier access to customers, and a greater opportunity to address customers’ various information technology requirements than we do. These factors may provide our competitors with an advantage in penetrating markets with their products.
 
We also compete with many smaller, less established companies that may be able to focus more effectively on specific product areas or markets. Because of the breadth of our product portfolio, we have competitors who may only compete with us in one product area and other companies who compete across most or all of our product portfolios. Competitive differentiators include, but are not limited to: industry vision, performance, quality, breadth of product offerings, expertise, integration of products, brand name recognition, price, functionality, customer support, frequency of upgrades and updates, manageability of products and reputation. Some of our key competitors are IBM, HP, BMC and Symantec.
 
We believe that we are well positioned and have a unique competitive advantage in the marketplace with our vision for Enterprise IT Management for a number of reasons:
 
    The breadth and quality of our products, and their ability to integrate with existing customer technology investments. Various CA products manage IT in most environments, whether distributed, mainframe or virtualized. As new technologies are introduced, we continue to pursue integration to help customers see how the different elements of IT — hardware, software and staff — work together to deliver a service to the business.
 
    The depth of our technical expertise.

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    Our commitment to open standards and innovation.
 
    Our independence, which means we do not have a preferred hardware, software or operating system platform agenda.
 
    Our ability to work with customers from planning through implementation, helping them quickly realize value from CA technology.
 
    Our ability to offer products that are modular, open and integrated so customers can use them at their own pace individually or in combination with their existing technology.
 
Employees
The table below sets forth the approximate number of employees by location and functional area as of March 31, 2009:
 
                     
    EMPLOYEES AS OF
        EMPLOYEES AS OF
 
LOCATION   MARCH 31, 2009     FUNCTIONAL AREA   MARCH 31, 2009  
                     
Corporate headquarters
    1,900     Professional services     1,200  
            Support services     1,500  
Other U.S. offices
    5,200     Selling and marketing     3,700  
            General and administrative     2,400  
International offices
    6,100     Product development     4,400  
                     
Total
    13,200     Total     13,200  
                     
 
As of March 31, 2009 and 2008, we had 13,200 and 13,700 employees, respectively. The decrease was mostly in our sales and professional services staff and reflects the actions taken under the fiscal 2007 restructuring plan. For additional information on the fiscal 2007 restructuring plan refer to Note 3, “Restructuring and Other,” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements. We believe our employee relations are satisfactory.
 
(d) Financial Information About Geographic Areas
Refer to Note 5, “Segment and Geographic Information” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for financial data pertaining to our segment and geographic operations.
 
(e) Available Information
Our corporate website address is ca.com . All filings we make with the SEC, including our Annual Report on Form 10-K, our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, our Current Reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments, are available for free on our investor relations website (ca.com/investor) as soon as reasonably practicable after they are filed with or furnished to the SEC. Our SEC filings are available to be read or copied at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. Information regarding the operation of the Public Reference Room can be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. Our filings can also be obtained for free on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. The reference to our website address does not constitute incorporation by reference of the information contained on our website in this Form 10-K or other filings with the SEC, and the information contained on our website is not part of this document.
 
Our investor relations website (ca.com/investor) also contains information about our initiatives in corporate governance, including: our corporate governance principles; information concerning our Board of Directors (including specific procedures for communicating with them); information concerning our Board Committees, including the charters of the Audit Committee, the Compensation and Human Resources Committee, the Corporate Governance Committee, and the Compliance and Risk Committee; and our CA Code of Conduct: Information and Resource Guide (applicable to all of our employees, including our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, Principal Accounting Officer, and our directors). These documents can also be obtained in print by writing to our Corporate Secretary, One CA Plaza, Islandia, NY 11749.
 
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
 
Current and potential stockholders should consider carefully the risk factors described below. Any of these factors, or others, many of which are beyond our control, could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results, cash flow and stock price.

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Given the global nature of our business, economic factors or political events beyond our control and other business risks associated with non-U.S. operations can affect our business in unpredictable ways.
International revenue has historically represented a significant percentage of our total worldwide revenue. Success in selling and developing our products outside the United States will depend on a variety of factors in various non-U.S. locations, including:
 
    Foreign exchange currency rates;
 
    Local economic conditions;
 
    Political stability;
 
    Workforce reorganizations in various non-U.S. locations, including reorganizations of sales, product development, technical services, finance, human resources and facilities functions;
 
    Effectively staffing key managerial and technical positions;
 
    Successfully localizing software products for a significant number of international markets;
 
    More restrictive employment regulation;
 
    Trade restrictions such as tariffs, duties, taxes or other controls;
 
    International intellectual property laws, which may be more restrictive or may offer lower levels of protection than U.S. law;
 
    Complying with differing and changing local laws and regulations in multiple international locations as well as complying with U.S. law and regulations where applicable in these international locations; and
 
    Developing and executing an effective go-to-market strategy in various locations.
 
Any of the foregoing factors, among others, could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
 
General economic conditions, including concerns regarding a global recession and credit constraints, or unfavorable economic conditions in a particular region, business or industry sector, may lead our customers to delay or forgo technology investments and could have other impacts, any of which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
Our products are designed to improve the productivity and efficiency of our customers’ information processing resources. However, a general slowdown or recession in the global economy, or in a particular region, or business or industry sector (such as the financial services sector), or tightening of credit markets, could cause customers to: have difficulty accessing credit sources; delay contractual payments; or delay or forgo decisions to (i) license new products (particularly with respect to discretionary spending for software), (ii) upgrade their existing environments or (iii) purchase services. Any such impacts could adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
 
Such a general slowdown or recession in the global economy may also materially impact the global banking system including individual institutions as well as a particular business or industry sector, which could cause further consolidations or failures in such a sector. Approximately one third of our revenue comes from arrangements with financial institutions (i.e., banking, brokerage and insurance companies). The majority of these arrangements are for the renewal of mainframe capacity and maintenance associated with transactions processed by our financial institution customers. While we cannot predict what impact there may be on our business from further consolidation of the financial industry sector, or the impact from the economy in general on our business, to date the impact has not been material to our balance sheet, results of operations or cash flows. The vast majority of our subscription and maintenance revenue in any particular reporting period comes from contracts signed in prior periods, generally pursuant to contracts ranging in duration from three to five years.
 
These adverse financial events could also result in further government intervention in the U.S. and world markets. Any of these results could impact the manner in which we are able to conduct business including within a particular industry sector or market and could adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.

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Changes to the compensation of our sales organization could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
We may change our compensation plans for the sales organization from time to time in order to align the sales force with the Company’s economic interests. Under the terms of CA’s Incentive Compensation Plan (Incentive Compensation Plan), management retains broad discretion to change various aspects of the Incentive Compensation Plan such as sales quotas or territory assignments, to ensure that the plan is aligned with CA’s overall business objectives. However, the laws of many of the countries and states in which CA operates impose limitations on the amount of discretion a company’s management may exercise on compensation matters such as commissions. The Incentive Compensation Plan itself, or changes made by management where CA exercises discretion to change the Incentive Compensation Plan, may lead to outcomes that are not anticipated or intended and may adversely affect our cost of doing business, employee morale, or other performance metrics, all of which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
 
Failure to expand our channel partner programs related to the sale of CA solutions may result in lost sales opportunities, increases in expenses and weakening in our competitive position.
We sell CA solutions through systems integrators and value-added resellers in channel partner programs that require training and expertise to sell these solutions, and global penetration to grow these aspects of our business. The failure to expand these channel partner programs and penetrate these markets could materially adversely affect our success with channel partners, resulting in lost sales opportunities and an increase in expenses, as well as weaken our competitive position.
 
If we do not adequately manage and evolve our financial reporting and managerial systems and processes, including the successful implementation of our enterprise resource planning software, our ability to manage and grow our business may be harmed.
Our ability to successfully implement our business plan and comply with regulations requires effective planning and management systems and processes. We need to continue to improve and implement existing and new operational and financial systems, procedures and controls to manage our business effectively in the future. As a result, we have licensed enterprise resource planning software, consolidated certain finance functions into regional locations, and are in the process of expanding and upgrading our operational and financial systems. Any delay in the implementation of, or disruption in the transition to, our new or enhanced systems, procedures or internal controls, could adversely affect our ability to accurately forecast sales demand, manage our supply chain, achieve accuracy in the conversion of electronic data and records, and report financial and management information, including the filing of our quarterly or annual reports with the SEC, on a timely and accurate basis. Failure to properly or adequately address these issues could result in the diversion of management’s attention and resources, adversely affect our ability to manage our business and materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flow. Refer to Item 9A, “Controls and Procedures,” for additional information.
 
We may encounter difficulties in successfully integrating companies and products that we have acquired or may acquire into our existing business and, therefore, such failed integration could materially adversely affect our infrastructure, market presence, or results of operations.
In the past we have acquired, and in the future we expect to acquire complementary companies, products, services and technologies (including through mergers, asset acquisitions, joint ventures, partnerships, strategic alliances, and equity investments). The risks we may encounter include:
 
    We may find that the acquired company or assets do not further improve our financial and strategic position as planned;
 
    We may have difficulty integrating the operations, facilities, personnel and commission plans of the acquired business;
 
    We may have difficulty forecasting or reporting results subsequent to acquisitions;
 
    We may have difficulty retaining the technical skills needed to provide services on the acquired products;
 
    We may have difficulty incorporating the acquired technologies or products with our existing product lines;
 
    We may have product liability, customer liability or intellectual property liability associated with the sale of the acquired company’s products;
 
    Our ongoing business may be disrupted by transition or integration issues; our management’s attention may be diverted from other business concerns;

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    We may be unable to obtain timely approvals from governmental authorities under applicable competition and antitrust laws;
 
    We may have difficulty maintaining uniform standards, controls, procedures and policies;
 
    Our relationships with current and new employees, customers and distributors could be impaired;
 
    An acquisition may result in increased litigation risk, including litigation from terminated employees or third parties;
 
    We may have difficulty with determinations related to accounting matters, including those that require a high degree of judgment or complex estimation processes, including valuation and accounting for goodwill and intangible assets, stock-based compensation, and income tax matters; and
 
    Our due diligence process may fail to identify significant issues with the acquired company’s product quality, financial disclosures, accounting practices, internal control deficiencies, including material weaknesses, product architecture, legal contingencies and other matters.
 
These factors could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flow, particularly in the case of a large acquisition or number of acquisitions. To the extent we issue shares of stock or other rights to purchase stock, including options, to pay for acquisitions or to retain employees, existing stockholders’ interests may be diluted and net income per share may decrease.
 
We are subject to intense competition in product and service offerings and pricing, and we expect to face increased competition in the future, which could either diminish demand for or inhibit growth of our products and, therefore, reduce our sales, revenue and market presence.
The markets for our products are intensely competitive, and we expect product and service offerings and pricing competition to increase. Some of our competitors have longer operating histories, greater name recognition, a larger installed base of customers in any particular market niche, larger technical staffs, established relationships with hardware vendors or greater financial, technical and marketing resources. We also face competition from numerous smaller companies that specialize in specific aspects of the highly fragmented software industry, and from shareware authors that may develop competing products. In addition, new companies enter the market on a frequent and regular basis, offering products that compete with those offered by us. Moreover, certain customers historically have developed their own products that compete with those offered by us. The competition may affect our ability to attract and retain the technical skills needed to provide services to our customers, forcing us to become more reliant on delivery of services through third parties. This, in turn, could increase operating costs and decrease our revenue, profitability and cash flow. Additionally, competition from any of these sources could result in price reductions or displacement of our products, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
 
Our competitors include large vendors of hardware and operating system software and service providers. The widespread inclusion of products that perform the same or similar functions as our products bundled within computer hardware or other companies’ software products, or services similar to those provided by us, could reduce the perceived need for our products and services, or render our products obsolete and unmarketable. Furthermore, even if these incorporated products are inferior or more limited than our products, customers may elect to accept the incorporated products rather than purchase our products. In addition, the software industry is currently undergoing consolidation as software companies seek to offer more extensive suites and broader arrays of software products and services, as well as integrated software and hardware solutions. This consolidation may adversely affect our competitive position, which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow. Refer to Item 1, “Business — (c) Narrative Description of the Business — Competition,” for additional information.
 
Our business may suffer if we are not able to retain and attract adequate qualified personnel, including key managerial, technical, marketing and sales personnel.
We operate in a business where there is intense competition for experienced personnel in all of our global markets. We depend on our ability to identify, recruit, hire, train, develop and retain qualified and effective personnel. Our ability to do so depends on numerous factors, including factors that we cannot control, such as competition and conditions in the local employment markets in which we operate. Our future success depends in large part on the continued contribution of our senior management and other key employees. A loss of a significant number of skilled managerial or other personnel could have a negative effect on the quality of our products. A loss of a significant number of experienced and effective sales

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personnel could result in fewer sales of our products. Our failure to retain qualified employees in these categories could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
 
Failure to adapt to technological change in a timely manner could materially adversely affect our business.
If we fail to keep pace with technological change in our industry, that failure would have an adverse effect on our revenue and earnings. We operate in a highly competitive industry characterized by rapid technological change, evolving industry standards, changes in customer requirements and frequent new product introductions and enhancements. During the past several years, many new technological advancements and competing products entered the marketplace. The distributed systems and application management markets in which we operate are far more crowded and competitive than our traditional mainframe systems management markets.
 
Our ability to compete effectively and our growth prospects for all of our products depend upon many factors, including the success of our existing distributed systems products, the timely introduction and success of future software products, and the ability of our products to perform well with existing and future leading databases and other platforms supported by our products. We have experienced long development cycles and product delays in the past, particularly with some of our distributed systems products, and may experience delays in the future. In addition, we have incurred, and expect to continue to incur, significant research and development costs, as we introduce new products. If there are delays in new product introductions or less-than-anticipated market acceptance of these new products, we will have invested substantial resources without realizing adequate revenues in return, which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
 
If our products do not remain compatible with ever-changing operating environments we could lose customers and the demand for our products and services could decrease, which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
The largest suppliers of systems and computing software are, in most cases, the manufacturers of the computer hardware systems used by most of our customers. Historically, these companies have from time to time modified or introduced new operating systems, systems software and computer hardware. In the future, such new products from these companies could incorporate features that perform functions currently performed by our products, or could require substantial modification of our products to maintain compatibility with these companies’ hardware or software. Although we have to date been able to adapt our products and our business to changes introduced by hardware manufacturers and system software developers, there can be no assurance that we will be able to do so in the future. Failure to adapt our products in a timely manner to such changes or customer decisions to forgo the use of our products in favor of those with comparable functionality contained either in their hardware or operating system could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
 
Certain software that we use in our products is licensed from third parties and thus may not be available to us in the future, which has the potential to delay product development and production and, therefore, could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
Some of our solutions contain software licensed from third parties. Some of these licenses may not be available to us in the future on terms that are acceptable to us or allow our products to remain competitive. The loss of these licenses or the inability to maintain any of them on commercially acceptable terms could delay development of future products or the enhancement of existing products.
 
We may also choose to pay a premium price for such a license in certain circumstances where continuity of the licensed product would outweigh the premium cost of the license. The unavailability of these licenses or the necessity of agreeing to commercially unreasonable terms for such licenses could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
 
Certain software we use is from open source code sources, which, under certain circumstances, may lead to unintended consequences and, therefore, could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
Some of our products contain software from open source code sources. The use of such open source code may subject us to certain conditions, including the obligation to offer our products that use open source code for no cost. We monitor our use of such open source code to avoid subjecting our products to conditions we do not intend. However, the use of such open source

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code may ultimately subject some of our products to unintended conditions, so that we are required to take remedial action that may divert resources away from our development efforts and therefore could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
 
Discovery of errors in our software could materially adversely affect our revenue and earnings and subject us to product liability claims, which may be costly and time consuming.
The software products we offer are inherently complex. Despite testing and quality control, we cannot be certain that errors will not be found in current versions, new versions or enhancements of our products after commencement of commercial shipments. If new or existing customers have difficulty deploying our products or require significant amounts of customer support, our operating margins could be adversely affected. Moreover, we could face possible claims and higher development costs if our software contains errors that we have not detected or if our software otherwise fails to meet our customers’ expectations. Significant technical challenges also arise with our products because our customers license and deploy our products across a variety of computer platforms and integrate them with a number of third-party software applications and databases. These combinations increase our risk further because, in the event of a system-wide failure, it may be difficult to determine which product is at fault; thus, we may be harmed by the failure of another supplier’s products. As a result of the foregoing, we could experience:
 
    Loss of or delay in revenue and loss of market share;
 
    Loss of customers, including the inability to do repeat business with existing key customers;
 
    Damage to our reputation;
 
    Failure to achieve market acceptance;
 
    Diversion of development resources;
 
    Increased service and warranty costs;
 
    Legal actions by customers against us that could, whether or not successful, be costly, distracting and time-consuming;
 
    Increased insurance costs; and
 
    Failure to successfully complete service engagements for product installations and implementations.
 
Consequently, the discovery of errors in our products after delivery could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
 
We have a significant amount of debt. Changes in market conditions or our ratings could increase our interest costs and adversely affect the cost of refinancing our debt and our ability to refinance our debt, which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
As of March 31, 2009, we had $1,937 million of debt outstanding, consisting of unsecured fixed-rate senior note obligations, convertible senior notes, and credit facility borrowings. Refer to Note 7, “Debt,” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for the payment schedule of our long-term debt obligations. Our senior unsecured notes are rated by Moody’s Investors Service, Fitch Ratings, and Standard and Poor’s. These agencies or any other credit rating agency could downgrade or take other negative action with respect to our credit ratings in the future. If our credit ratings were downgraded or other negative action is taken, we would be required to, among other things, pay additional interest on outstanding borrowings under our principal revolving credit agreement. Any downgrades could affect our ability to obtain additional financing in the future and may affect the terms of any such financing.
 
We expect that existing cash, cash equivalents, marketable securities, cash provided from operations and our bank credit facilities will be sufficient to meet ongoing cash requirements. However, our failure to generate sufficient cash as our debt becomes due or to renew credit lines prior to their expiration could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
 
Failure to protect our intellectual property rights and source code would weaken our competitive position.
Our future success is highly dependent upon our proprietary technology, including our software and our source code for that software. Failure to protect such technology could lead to our loss of valuable assets and competitive advantage. We protect our proprietary information through the use of patents, copyrights, trademarks, trade secret laws, confidentiality procedures

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and contractual provisions. Notwithstanding our efforts to protect our proprietary rights, policing unauthorized use or copying of our proprietary information is difficult. Unauthorized use or copying occurs from time to time and litigation to enforce intellectual property rights could result in significant costs and diversion of resources. Moreover, the laws of some foreign jurisdictions do not afford the same degree of protection to our proprietary rights as do the laws of the United States. For example, for some of our products, we rely on “shrink-wrap” or “click-on” licenses, which may be unenforceable in whole or in part in some jurisdictions in which we operate. In addition, patents we have obtained may be circumvented, challenged, invalidated or designed around by other companies. If we do not adequately protect our intellectual property for these or other reasons, our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow could be materially adversely affected. Refer to “Item 1, Business — (c) Narrative Description of the Business — Patents and Trademarks,” for additional information.
 
The number, terms and duration of our license agreements as well as the timing of orders from our customers and channel partners, may cause fluctuations in some of our key financial metrics, which may affect our quarterly financial results.
Historically, a substantial portion of our license agreements are executed in the last month of a quarter and the number of contracts executed during a given quarter can vary substantially. In addition, we experience a historically long sales cycle, which is driven in part by the varying terms and conditions of our software contracts. These factors can make it difficult for us to predict bookings and cash flow on a quarterly basis. Any failure or delay in executing new or renewed license agreements in a given quarter could cause declines in some of our key financial metrics ( e.g. , bookings or cash flow), and, accordingly, increases the risk of unanticipated variations in our quarterly results and financial condition.
 
We may become dependent upon large transactions, and the failure to close such transactions on a satisfactory basis could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
In the past, we have been dependent upon large-dollar enterprise transactions with individual customers. There can be no assurances that we will not be reliant on large-dollar enterprise transactions in the future, and the failure to close those transactions on terms that are commercially attractive to us could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
 
Our sales to government clients subject us to risks, including early termination, audits, investigations, sanctions and penalties.
Approximately 10% of our total revenue backlog as of March 31, 2009 is associated with multi-year contracts signed with the U.S. federal government and other U.S. state and local governmental agencies. These contracts are generally subject to annual fiscal funding approval, may be terminated at the convenience of the government, or both. Termination of a contract or funding for a contract could adversely affect our sales, revenue and reputation. Additionally, government contracts are generally subject to audits and investigations, which could result in various civil and criminal penalties and administrative sanctions, including termination of contracts, refund of a portion of fees received, forfeiture of profits, suspension of payments, fines and suspensions or debarment from doing business with the government.
 
Our customers’ data centers and IT environments may be subject to hacking or other breaches, harming the market perception of the effectiveness of our products.
If an actual or perceived breach of our customers’ network security occurs, allowing access to our customers’ data centers or other parts of their IT environments, regardless of whether the breach is attributable to our products, the market perception of the effectiveness of our products could be harmed. Because the techniques used by computer hackers to access or sabotage networks change frequently and may not be recognized until launched against a target, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques. Alleviating any of these problems could require significant expenditures of our capital and diversion of our resources from development efforts. Additionally, these efforts could cause interruptions, delays or cessation of our product licensing, or modification of our software, which could cause us to lose existing or potential customers, which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
 
Our software products, data centers and IT environments may be subject to hacking or other breaches, harming the market perception of the effectiveness of our products.
We expect to be an ongoing target of attacks specifically designed to impede the performance of our products. Similarly, experienced computer programmers, or hackers, may attempt to penetrate our network security or the security of our data centers and IT environments and misappropriate proprietary information or cause interruptions of our services. Although we

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believe we have sufficient controls in place to prevent significant external disruptions, if these intentionally disruptive efforts are successful, our activities could be adversely affected, our reputation and future sales could be harmed and our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow could be materially adversely affected.
 
The use of third-party microcode could negatively affect our product development.
We anticipate ongoing use of microcode or firmware provided by hardware manufacturers. Microcode and firmware are essentially software programs embedded in hardware and are, therefore, less flexible than other types of software. We believe that such continued use will not have a significant impact on our operations and that our products will remain compatible with any changes to such code. However, future technological developments involving such microcode could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
 
We may lose access to third-party operating systems, which could materially adversely affect future product development.
In the past, certain of our licensees using proprietary operating systems were furnished with “source code,” which makes the operating system understandable to programmers; or “object code,” which directly controls the hardware; and other technical documentation. Since the availability of source code facilitated the development of systems and applications software, which must interface with the operating systems, independent software vendors, such as us, were able to develop and market compatible software. Other vendors, including some of the largest vendors, have a policy of restricting the use or availability of the source code for some of their operating systems. To date, this policy has not had a material effect on us. Some companies, however, may adopt more restrictive policies in the future or impose unfavorable terms and conditions for such access. These restrictions may, in the future, result in higher research and development costs for us in connection with the enhancement and modification of our existing products and the development of new products. There can be no assurance that such restrictions will not have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
 
Third parties could claim that our products infringe their intellectual property rights or that we owe royalty payments, which could result in significant litigation expense or settlement with unfavorable terms, which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
From time to time, third parties have claimed and may claim that our products infringe various forms of their intellectual property or that we owe royalty payments to them. Investigation of these claims can be expensive and could affect development, marketing or shipment of our products. As the number of software patents issued increases, it is likely that additional claims will be asserted. Defending against such claims is time-consuming and could result in significant litigation expense or settlement on unfavorable terms, which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
 
Fluctuations in foreign currencies could result in translation losses.
Our consolidated financial results are reported in U.S. dollars. Most of the revenue and expenses of our foreign subsidiaries are denominated in local currencies. Given that cash is typically received over an extended period of time for many of our license agreements and given that a substantial portion of our revenue is generated outside of the U.S., foreign currency fluctuations could result in substantial changes in reported revenues and operating results due to the foreign currency impact upon translation of these transactions into U.S. dollars.
 
In the normal course of business, we employ various strategies to manage these risks, including the use of derivative instruments. To the extent that these strategies do not manage all of the risks inherent in our foreign exchange exposures or that these strategies may cause our earnings and expenses to fluctuate more than they would have had these strategies not been employed, fluctuations of the exchange rates of foreign currencies against the U.S. dollar could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
 
Any failure by us to execute our restructuring plans and related sales model changes successfully could result in total costs that are greater than expected or revenues that are less than anticipated.
We have announced restructuring plans, which include workforce reductions as well as global facility consolidations and other cost reduction initiatives. We may have further workforce reductions or restructuring actions in the future. Risks associated with these actions and other workforce management issues include delays in implementation of anticipated workforce reductions, changes in restructuring plans that increase or decrease the number of employees affected, decreases in employee

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morale and the failure to meet operational targets due to the loss of employees, any of which may impair our ability to achieve anticipated cost reductions or may otherwise harm our business, which could materially adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
 
Our restructuring efforts in Asia focused on shifting our sales model in certain smaller countries from a direct sales force model to an indirect, partner-led model. We may implement this strategy in other regions in the future. Risks associated with this business model shift include the potential inability of our partners to sell our products effectively and to provide adequate implementation services and product support. A greater reliance on partners will also subject us to further third party risks associated with business practices in those regions.
 
We have outsourced various functions to third parties and these arrangements may not be successful, thereby resulting in increased costs, or may adversely affect service levels and our public reporting.
We have outsourced various functions to third parties including certain development functions and may outsource additional functions to third-party providers in the future. We rely on those third parties to provide services on a timely and effective basis. Although we periodically monitor the performance of these third parties and maintain contingency plans in case the third parties are unable to perform as agreed, we do not ultimately control the performance of our outsourcing partners. The failure of third-party outsourcing partners to perform as expected or as required by contract could result in significant disruptions and costs to our operations, which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow and our ability to file our financial statements with the Securities and Exchange Commission timely or accurately.
 
Potential tax liabilities may materially adversely affect our results.
We are subject to income taxes in the United States and in numerous foreign jurisdictions. Significant judgment is required in determining our worldwide provision for income taxes. In the ordinary course of our business, there are many transactions and calculations where the ultimate tax determination is uncertain. We are regularly under audit by tax authorities. Although we believe our tax estimates are reasonable, the final determination of tax audits and any related litigation could be materially different from that which is reflected in our income tax provisions and accruals. Additional tax assessments resulting from an audit or litigation may result in increased tax provisions or payments which could materially adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flow in the period or periods in which that determination is made.
 
ITEM 2. PROPERTIES.
 
Our principal real estate properties are located in areas necessary to meet sales and operating requirements. All of the properties are considered to be both suitable and adequate to meet current and anticipated operating requirements.
 
As of March 31, 2009, we leased 68 facilities throughout the United States and 113 facilities outside the United States. Our lease obligations expire on various dates with the longest commitment extending to 2023. We believe all of our leases will be renewable at market terms at our option as they become due.
 
We own one facility in Germany totaling approximately 100,000 square feet, two facilities in Italy which total approximately 140,000 square feet, one facility in India totaling approximately 255,000 square feet and an approximately 215,000 square foot European headquarters in the United Kingdom.
 
We own and lease various computer, telecommunications, electronic, and transportation equipment. We also lease mainframe and distributed computers at our facilities in Islandia, New York, and Lisle, Illinois. This equipment is used for internal product development, technical support efforts, and administrative purposes. We consider our computer and other equipment to be adequate for our current and anticipated needs. Refer to “Contractual Obligations” in Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and Note 8, “Commitments and Contingencies,” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
 
ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.
 
On April 9, 2007, the Company filed a complaint in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York (the Federal Court) against Rocket Software, Inc. (Rocket). On August 1, 2007, the Company filed an amended complaint alleging that Rocket misappropriated intellectual property associated with a number of the Company’s database management

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software products. The amended complaint included causes of action for copyright infringement, misappropriation of trade secrets, unfair competition, and unjust enrichment. In the amended complaint, the Company sought damages of at least $200 million for Rocket’s alleged theft and misappropriation of the Company’s intellectual property, as well as an injunction preventing Rocket from continuing to distribute the database management software products at issue. On February 10, 2009, the Company announced that it had reached a settlement with Rocket resolving the Company’s claims of copyright infringement and trade secret misappropriation. As part of the settlement, Rocket agreed to license technology from the Company, including source code authored several years ago and related trade secrets that were the subject of the litigation for $50 million to be received and recognized as software fees and other with the consolidated statement of operations in increments through fiscal 2014. Rocket did not admit any wrongdoing in connection with this settlement.
 
ITEM 4. SUBMISSION OF MATTERS TO A VOTE OF SECURITY HOLDERS.
 
None.
 
Executive Officers of the Registrant.
The name, age, present position, and business experience for the past five years of our executive officers as of May 15, 2009 are listed below:
 
John A. Swainson , 54, has been Chief Executive Officer of the Company since February 2005 and a member of the Company’s Board of Directors since November 2004. Mr. Swainson joined the Company in November 2004. He also served as the Company’s President from November 2004 to March 2008. From July to November 2004, Mr. Swainson was Vice President of Worldwide Sales and Marketing of the Software Group at International Business Machines Corporation (IBM), a manufacturer of information processing products and a technology, software, and networking systems manufacturer and developer. From 1997 to July 2004, he was General Manager of the Application Integration and Middleware division of IBM’s Software Group.
 
Michael J. Christenson , 50, has been President of the Company since March 2008 and Chief Operating Officer since April 2006. Mr. Christenson joined the Company in 2005. He served as the Company’s Executive Vice President of Strategy and Business Development from February 2005 to April 2006. He retired in 2004 from Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. after a 23-year career as an investment banker, where he was responsible for that company’s Global Private Equity Investment Banking, North American Regional Investment Banking, and Latin American Investment Banking.
 
Russell M. Artzt , 62, co-founded the Company in June 1976. He has been Vice Chairman and Founder of the Company since April 2007, playing an instrumental role in the evolution of the Company’s EITM vision. Mr. Artzt also provides counsel in the areas of strategic partnerships, product development leadership, and corporate strategy. Mr. Artzt was the Company’s Executive Vice President of Products from January 2004 to April 2007 and was Executive Vice President, eTrust ® Solutions from April 2002 to January 2004.
 
James E. Bryant , 64, has been Executive Vice President, Risk, and Chief Administrative Officer of the Company since April 2009. He is responsible for the Company’s information technology, facilities and administration, corporate transformation, enterprise risk management, internal audit and internal controls. Mr. Bryant joined the Company in June 2006. He served as the Company’s Executive Vice President and Chief Administrative Officer from June 2006 to March 2009. From 2005 to June 2006, Mr. Bryant was a member of Common Angels, a Boston-based investment group that provides funding and mentoring for high technology start-ups. From 2003 to June 2006, he was a Selectman for the Town of Hamilton, Massachusetts. From 1994 to 2002, Mr. Bryant served as Vice President of Finance in IBM’s Software Group.
 
Nancy E. Cooper , 55, has been Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of the Company since she joined the Company in August 2006. From December 2001 to August 2006, she served as Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of IMS Health Incorporated, a provider of information solutions to the pharmaceutical and healthcare industries. Ms. Cooper began her career at IBM, where she held positions of increasing responsibility over a 22-year period including Chief Financial Officer of the Global Industries Division, Assistant Corporate Controller, and Controller and Treasurer of IBM Credit Corporation.
 
Andrew Goodman , 50, has been Executive Vice President, Worldwide Human Resources of the Company since July 2005. Mr. Goodman joined the Company in July 2002. From July 2002 to July 2005, he served as Senior Vice President of Human Resources.

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Ajei S. Gopal , 47, has been Executive Vice President, Products and Technology Group, since February 2009. Dr. Gopal has overall responsibility for the Company’s Products and Technology Group, including the EITM Group, the Mainframe Business Unit, the IT Governance Business Unit and the Office of the Chief Technology Officer. He joined the Company in July 2006. He served as Senior Vice President and General Manager, Enterprise Systems Management Business Unit from July 2006 to May 2007, as Executive Vice President and General Manager of the Management Business Unit and Security Business Unit from May 2007 to January 2008 and as Executive Vice President, EITM Group from January 2008 to February 2009. Dr. Gopal was with Symantec Corporation, a provider of infrastructure software, from September 2004 to July 2006, where he served most recently as Executive Vice President and Chief Technology Officer, and earlier as Senior Vice President, Global Technology and Corporate Development. From June 2001 to June 2004, Dr. Gopal was with ReefEdge Networks, a provider of wireless LAN systems, a company he co-founded, where he served on the Board of Directors and held several executive roles.
 
Jacob Lamm , 44, has been the Company’s Executive Vice President, Strategy and Corporate Development, since February 2009. He joined the Company in 1998. He is responsible for coordinating the Company’s overall business strategy, as well as the Company’s strategy for acquisitions. He served as the Company’s Executive Vice President, Governance Group from January 2008 to February 2009, as Executive Vice President and General Manager, Business Service Optimization Business Unit from March 2007 to January 2008, as Senior Vice President, General Manager and Business Unit Executive from April 2005 to March 2007, and as Senior Vice President, Development from October 2003 to April 2005.
 
Amy Fliegelman Olli , 45, has been Executive Vice President and General Counsel of the Company since February 2007. She is responsible for all of the Company’s legal and compliance functions worldwide. Ms. Olli joined the Company in September 2006. From September 2006 to February 2007, she served as Executive Vice President and Co-General Counsel of the Company. Before September 2006, Ms. Olli spent nearly 20 years in various senior-level legal positions with divisions of IBM, most recently as General Counsel — Americas and Global Coordinator for Sales and Distribution for IBM, where she was responsible for a team of more than 200 lawyers in the U.S., Europe, Latin America and Canada, and for coordination of all of IBM’s sales and distribution lawyers on a global basis.

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Part II
 
ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES.
 
During fiscal 2008 and through April 27, 2008, our common stock was traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “CA.” On April 28, 2008, our common stock commenced trading on The NASDAQ Global Select Market tier of The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC (“NASDAQ”) under the same symbol. The following table sets forth, for the fiscal quarters indicated, the quarterly high and low closing sales prices on the NASDAQ and the New York Stock Exchange, as applicable:
 
                                 
    FISCAL 2009     FISCAL 2008  
    High     Low     High     Low  
 
Fourth Quarter
  $  18.90     $  15.40     $  26.31     $  21.26  
Third Quarter
  $ 20.12     $ 14.37     $ 27.18     $ 24.15  
Second Quarter
  $ 24.63     $ 18.31     $ 26.68     $ 23.41  
First Quarter
  $ 26.54     $ 21.67     $ 28.21     $ 25.39  
 
On March 31, 2009, the closing price for our common stock on the NASDAQ was $17.61. As of March 31, 2009, we had approximately 9,300 stockholders of record.
 
We have paid cash dividends each year since July 1990. For each of fiscal 2009, 2008 and 2007, we paid annual cash dividends of $0.16 per share, which have been paid out in quarterly installments of $0.04 per share as and when declared by the Board of Directors.
 
Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer
On October 29, 2008, our Board of Directors approved a stock repurchase program that authorizes us to acquire up to $250 million of our common stock. During the third quarter of fiscal 2009, we paid $4 million to repurchase approximately 0.3 million of our common shares at an average price of $15.84 per share. As of March 31, 2009, we remained authorized to purchase an aggregate amount of up to approximately $246 million of additional common shares under our current stock repurchase program.

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ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA.
 
The information set forth below should be read in conjunction with the “Results of Operations” section included in Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”
 
Statement of Operations Data
                                         
    YEAR ENDED MARCH 31,  
(IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS)   2009     2008     2007     2006     2005  
                                         
Revenue
  $   4,271     $   4,277     $   3,943     $   3,772     $   3,583  
Income from continuing operations (1)
    694       500       121       160       27  
Basic income from continuing operations per share
    1.35       0.97       0.22       0.28       0.05  
Diluted income from continuing operations per share
    1.29       0.93       0.22       0.27       0.05  
Dividends declared per common share
    0.16       0.16       0.16       0.16       0.08  
 
Balance Sheet and Other Data
                                         
    MARCH 31,  
(IN MILLIONS)   2009     2008     2007     2006     2005  
                                         
Cash provided by continuing operating activities
  $ 1,212     $ 1,103     $ 1,068     $ 1,380     $ 1,527  
Working capital surplus (deficit)
    102       190       (51 )     (462 )     199  
Working capital, excluding deferred revenue (2)
    2,533       2,854       2,332       1,694       2,243  
Total assets
     11,252        11,756        11,517        11,118        11,726  
Long-term debt (less current maturities)
    1,287       2,221       2,572       1,813       1,810  
Stockholders’ equity
    4,344       3,709       3,654       4,718       5,034  
 
 
(1) In fiscal 2009, 2008 and 2007 we incurred after-tax charges of $64 million, $74 million and $124 million, respectively, for restructuring and other costs. In fiscal 2007, we also incurred after-tax charges of $6 million for write-offs of in-process research and development costs due to acquisitions.
 
In fiscal 2006, we incurred after-tax charges of $54 million for restructuring and other costs and an after-tax benefit of $5 million relating to the gain on the divestiture of assets that were contributed during the formation of Ingres Corp. We also incurred an after-tax charge of $18 million for write-offs of in-process research and development costs due to acquisitions.
 
In fiscal 2005, we incurred after-tax charges of $144 million related to shareholder litigation and government investigation settlements, a tax expense charge of $55 million related to the planned repatriation of $500 million in cash under the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004, and after-tax charges of $17 million for severance and other expenses in connection with a restructuring plan.
 
(2) Deferred revenue includes all amounts billed or collected in advance of revenue recognition from all sources including subscription license agreements, maintenance, and professional services. It does not include unearned revenue on future installments not yet billed as of the respective balance sheet dates.

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ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.
 
Introduction
This “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” (MD&A) is intended to provide an understanding of our financial condition, change in financial condition, cash flow, liquidity and results of operations. This MD&A should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements and the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements appearing elsewhere in this Report. References in this MD&A to fiscal 2009, fiscal 2008, fiscal 2007 and fiscal 2006, etc. are to our fiscal years ended on March 31, 2009, 2008, 2007 and 2006, etc., respectively.
 
Business Overview
We are the world’s leading independent information technology (IT) management software company, helping organizations manage IT to become lean and more productive, which can help them better compete, innovate and grow. We develop and deliver software that makes it easier for organizations to manage IT throughout complex computing environments and to help them govern, manage and secure their entire IT operation — all of the people, information, processes, systems, networks, applications and databases from Web services to the mainframe, regardless of the hardware or software they are using.
 
We license our products worldwide, principally to large IT service providers, financial services companies, governmental agencies, retailers, manufacturers, educational institutions, and healthcare institutions. These customers typically maintain IT infrastructures that are both complex and central to their objectives for operational excellence.
 
We offer our software products and solutions directly to our customers through our direct sales force and indirectly through global systems integrators, managed service providers, technology partners, Enterprise IT Management (EITM) value-added resellers and distribution and volume partners.
 
CA’s Business Model
As described in greater detail in Part I, Item 1, “Business,” we license our software products directly to customers as well as through distributors, resellers and value-added resellers. We generate revenue from the following sources: license fees — licensing our products on a right-to-use basis; maintenance fees — providing customer technical support and product enhancements; and service fees — providing professional services such as product implementation, consulting and education. The timing and amount of fees recognized as revenue during a reporting period are determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (GAAP). Revenue is reported net of applicable sales taxes.
 
Under our business model, we offer customers a wide range of licensing options, including the flexibility to license software under month-to-month licenses or to fix their costs by committing to longer-term agreements. Licenses sold for most of our software products permit customers to change their software product mix as their business and technology needs change and includes the right to receive software products in the future within defined product lines for no additional fee, commonly referred to as unspecified future software products. In such instances, we do not have vendor-specific objective evidence (VSOE) for the fair value of the undelivered elements, and we are therefore required under GAAP to recognize revenue from such license agreements evenly on a monthly basis (also known as ratably) over the license term.
 
A relatively small percentage of our revenue is recognized on a perpetual or up-front basis once all revenue recognition criteria are met in accordance with Statement of Position 97-2 Software Revenue Recognition ,” issued by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, as amended by SOP 98-9 Modification of SOP 97-2, Software Revenue Recognition, With Respect to Certain Transactions (SOP 97-2) (see “Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates” below for details). In such cases, these products are not sold with the right to receive unspecified future software products and VSOE exists for maintenance. We expect to continue to offer these types of licensing arrangements; therefore, the amount of revenue we expect to recognize on an up-front basis may increase to the extent that such license agreements are not executed within a short time frame of other agreements with the same customer or in contemplation of other license agreements with the same customer where the right exists to receive unspecified future software products.
 
Several contracts executed prior to October 2000 (the prior business model) remain in effect and have not yet been renewed under license arrangements that contain the right to receive unspecified future software products. Under those agreements, we did not offer our customers the right to receive unspecified future software products and we record the present value of the

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license agreement as revenue at the time the license agreement was signed. As these customer license agreements are renewed under our current licensing model, we expect to see an increase in revenue backlog related to these licenses, from which subscription revenue will be amortized in future periods. The favorable impact on subscription revenue from the conversion of contracts from our prior business model to our current business model is decreasing over time as the transition is completed and was not material for fiscal 2009 or 2008. The remaining balance of unbilled installment receivables that were previously recognized as revenue under our prior business model was $240 million and $342 million as of March 31, 2009 and March 31, 2008, respectively.
 
Under our license agreements, customers generally make installment payments for the right to use our software products over the term of the associated software license agreement. While the timing of revenue recognition is affected by the offering of unspecified future software products, it generally has not changed the timing of how we bill and collect cash from customers and as a result, our cash generated from operations has generally not been affected by the offering of unspecified future software products.
 
Performance Indicators
Management uses several quantitative and qualitative performance indicators to assess our financial results and condition. Each provides a measurement of the performance of our business model and how well we are executing our plan.
 
Our predominantly subscription-based business model is unique among our competitors in the software industry and it may be difficult to compare our results for many of our performance indicators with those of our competitors. The following is a summary of the principal quantitative and qualitative performance indicators that management uses to review performance:
 
                                 
YEAR ENDED MARCH 31,
                    PERCENT
 
(DOLLARS IN MILLIONS)   2009     2008     CHANGE     CHANGE  
                                 
Total revenue
  $ 4,271     $ 4,277     $ (6 )     %
Subscription and maintenance revenue
  $ 3,772     $ 3,762     $ 10       %
Net income
  $ 694     $ 500     $ 194       39 %
Cash provided by operating activities
  $ 1,212     $ 1,103     $ 109       10 %
Total bookings
  $ 5,245     $ 4,724     $ 521       11 %
Subscription and maintenance bookings
  $ 4,783     $ 4,110     $ 673       16 %
Weighted average subscription and maintenance license agreement duration in years
    3.61       2.98       0.63       21 %
Annualized subscription and maintenance bookings
  $ 1,325     $ 1,379     $ (54 )     (4 )%
 
                                 
    AS OF
    AS OF
             
    MARCH 31,
    MARCH 31,
          PERCENT
 
(DOLLARS IN MILLIONS)   2009     2008     CHANGE     CHANGE  
                                 
Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities 1
  $ 2,713     $ 2,796     $ (83 )     (3) %
Total debt
  $ 1,937     $ 2,582     $ (645 )     (25) %
Total expected future cash collections from committed contracts 2
  $ 4,914     $ 4,362     $ 552       13 %
Total revenue backlog 2
  $ 7,378     $ 6,858     $ 520       8 %
 
 
1 At March 31, 2009 and March 31, 2008, marketable securities were less than $1 million.
 
2 Refer to the discussion in the “Liquidity and Capital Resources” section of this MD&A for additional information on expected future cash collections from committed contracts, billing backlog and revenue backlog.
 
Analyses of our performance indicators, including general trends, can be found in the “Results of Operations” and “Liquidity and Capital Resources” sections of this MD&A.
 
Subscription and Maintenance Revenue  — Subscription and maintenance revenue is the amount of revenue recognized ratably during the reporting period from both: (i) subscription license agreements that were in effect during the period, generally including maintenance that is bundled with and not separately identifiable from software usage fees or product sales, and (ii) maintenance agreements associated with providing customer technical support and access to software fixes and upgrades that are separately identifiable from software usage fees or product sales. These amounts include the sale of products directly by us, as well as by distributors, resellers and value-added resellers to end-users, where the contracts incorporate the right for end-users to receive unspecified future software products and other contracts entered into in close proximity or contemplation of such agreements.

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Total Bookings — Total bookings includes the incremental value of all subscription, maintenance and professional service contracts and software fees and other contracts entered into during the reporting period. Effective April 1, 2008, we changed our performance indicator for measuring our new business activity from new deferred subscription value to total bookings. In addition to what was previously included in new deferred subscription value, subscription and maintenance bookings now includes the value of maintenance contracts committed by customers in the current period that were separate from license subscription contracts, whereas new deferred subscription value excluded certain of these types of agreements. The bookings amounts disclosed in this MD&A include the effects of this change. The incremental value of subscription and maintenance agreements added was $252 million for the year ended March 31, 2008. Total bookings also includes the value of new professional services and software fees and other contracts that were not previously included in new deferred subscription value.
 
Subscription and Maintenance Bookings  — Subscription and maintenance bookings is the aggregate incremental amount we expect to collect from our customers over the terms of the underlying subscription and maintenance agreements entered into during a reporting period. These amounts include the sale of products directly by us, as well as indirectly by distributors, resellers and value-added resellers to end-users, where the contracts incorporate the right for end-users to receive unspecified future software products, and other contracts without these rights entered into in close proximity or contemplation of such agreements. These amounts are expected to be recognized ratably as subscription and maintenance revenue over the applicable term of the agreement. Subscription and maintenance bookings excludes the value associated with certain perpetual based licenses, license-only indirect sales, and professional services arrangements.
 
The license and maintenance agreements that contribute to subscription and maintenance bookings represent binding payment commitments by customers over periods that range generally from three to five years, although in certain cases customer commitments can be for longer periods. The amount of new subscription and maintenance bookings recorded in a period is affected by the volume and value of contracts renewed during that period. Our subscription and maintenance bookings typically increase in each consecutive quarter during a fiscal year, with the first quarter being the least and the fourth quarter being the most. However, subscription and maintenance bookings may not always follow the pattern of increasing in consecutive quarters during a fiscal year, and the quarter to quarter differences in subscription and maintenance bookings may vary. Additionally, period-to-period changes in subscription and maintenance bookings do not necessarily correlate to changes in billings or cash receipts. The contribution to current period revenue from subscription and maintenance bookings from any single license or maintenance agreement is relatively small, since revenue is recognized ratably over the applicable term for these agreements.
 
Weighted Average Subscription and Maintenance License Agreement Duration in Years — The weighted average subscription and maintenance license agreement duration in years reflects the duration of all subscription and maintenance agreements executed during a period, weighted by the total contract value of each individual agreement. Effective April 1, 2008, our calculation of weighted average subscription and maintenance license agreement duration in years now includes all subscription and maintenance contracts from both direct and indirect channels, whereas the prior calculation reflected direct product subscription licenses only. This modification has also been reflected in the weighted average subscription and maintenance license agreement duration in years for fiscal 2008 for comparison purposes and resulted in a decrease of 0.24 years for fiscal 2008.
 
Annualized Subscription and Maintenance Bookings  — Annualized subscription and maintenance bookings is an indicator that normalizes the bookings recorded in the current period to account for contract length. It is calculated by dividing the total value of all new subscription and maintenance license agreements entered into during a period by the weighted average subscription and license agreement duration in years of all such license and maintenance agreements recorded during the same period.
 
Total Revenue Backlog  — Total revenue backlog represents the aggregate amount we expect to recognize as revenue in the future as either subscription and maintenance revenue, professional services revenue or software fees and other associated with contractually committed amounts billed or to be billed as of the balance sheet date. Total revenue backlog is composed of amounts recognized as liabilities in our Consolidated Balance Sheets as deferred revenue (billed or collected) as well as unearned amounts associated with balances yet to be billed under subscription and maintenance and software fees and other agreements. Amounts are classified as current or non-current depending on when they are expected to be earned and therefore recognized as revenue. The portion of the total revenue backlog that relates to subscription and maintenance

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agreements is recognized as revenue evenly on a monthly basis over the duration of the underlying agreements and is reported as subscription and maintenance revenue in our Consolidated Statements of Operations.
 
“Deferred revenue (billed or collected)” is comprised of: (i) amounts received from the customer in advance of revenue recognition, (ii) amounts billed but not collected for which revenue has not yet been earned, and (iii) amounts received in advance of revenue recognition from financial institutions where we have transferred our interest in committed installments (referred to as “Financing obligations” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements).
 
Results of Operations
The following table presents revenue and expense line items reported in our Consolidated Statements of Operations for fiscal 2009, 2008 and 2007 and the period-over-period dollar and percentage changes for those line items. Certain prior year balances have been reclassified to conform to the current period’s presentation. For additional information, see Note 1, “Significant Accounting Policies,” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
                                                         
          DOLLAR
    PERCENT
    DOLLAR
    PERCENT
 
    YEAR ENDED MARCH 31     CHANGE     CHANGE     CHANGE     CHANGE  
(DOLLARS IN MILLIONS)   2009     2008     2007     2009/2008     2009/2008     2008/2007     2008/2007  
                                                         
Revenue:
                                                       
Subscription and maintenance revenue
  $ 3,772     $ 3,762     $ 3,458     $ 10       %   $ 304       9 %
Professional services
    358       383       351       (25 )     (7 )     32       9  
Software fees and other
    141       132       134       9       7       (2 )     (1 )
                                                         
Total revenue
  $ 4,271     $ 4,277     $ 3,943     $ (6 )     %   $ 334       8 %
                                                         
Expenses:
                                                       
Costs of licensing and maintenance
  $ 298     $ 272     $ 250     $ 26       10 %   $ 22       9 %
Cost of professional services
    307       368       333       (61 )     (17 )     35       11  
Amortization of capitalized software costs
    125       117       354       8       7       (237 )     (67 )
Selling and marketing
    1,214       1,327       1,340       (113 )     (9 )     (13 )     (1 )
General and administrative
    464       530       549       (66 )     (12 )     (19 )     (3 )
Product development and enhancements
    486       526       557       (40 )     (8 )     (31 )     (6 )
Depreciation and amortization of other intangible assets
    149       156       148       (7 )     (4 )     8       5  
Other (gains) expenses, net
    (1 )     6       (13 )     (7 )     (117 )     19       146  
Restructuring and other
    102       121       201       (19 )     (16 )     (80 )     (40 )
Charge for in-process research and development costs
                10                   (10 )     (100 )
                                                         
Total expenses before interest and income taxes
    3,144       3,423       3,729       (279 )     (8 )     (306 )     (8 )
                                                         
Income from continuing operations before interest and income taxes
    1,127       854       214       273       32       640       299  
Interest expense, net
    25       46       60       (21 )     (46 )     (14 )     (23 )
                                                         
Income from continuing operations before income taxes
    1,102       808       154       294       36       654       425  
Income tax expense
    408       308       33       100       32       275       833  
                                                         
Income from continuing operations
  $ 694     $ 500     $ 121     $ 194       39 %   $ 379       313 %
                                                         
 
Note — amounts may not add to their respective totals due to rounding.

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The following table sets forth, for the fiscal years indicated, the percentage that the items in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations bear to total revenue.
 
                         
    PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL
 
    REVENUE FOR THE
 
    YEAR ENDED MARCH 31,  
    2009     2008     2007  
                         
Revenue:
                       
Subscription and maintenance revenue
    88 %     88 %     88 %
Professional services
    8       9       9  
Software fees and other
    4       3       3  
                         
Total revenue
    100 %     100 %     100 %
Expenses:
                       
Costs of licensing and maintenance
    7 %     6 %     6 %
Cost of professional services
    7       9       8  
Amortization of capitalized software costs
    3       3       9  
Selling and marketing
    28       31       34  
General and administrative
    11       12       14  
Product development and enhancements
    11       12       14  
Depreciation and amortization of other intangible assets
    3       4       4  
Other (gains) expenses, net
                 
Restructuring and other
    2       3       5  
Charge for in-process research and development costs
                 
                         
Total expenses before interest and taxes
    74       80       95  
                         
Income from continuing operations before interest and income taxes
    26       20       5  
Interest expense, net
    1       1       2  
                         
Income from continuing operations before income taxes
    26       19       4  
Income tax expense
    10       7       1  
                         
Income from continuing operations
    16 %     12 %     3 %
 
Note — amounts may not add to their respective totals due to rounding.
 
Revenue
Total revenue was unfavorably affected by foreign exchange of $35 million for fiscal 2009 compared with fiscal 2008 and favorably affected by $165 million for fiscal 2008 compared with fiscal 2007.
 
Subscription and Maintenance Revenue
Subscription and maintenance revenue increased slightly for fiscal 2009 compared with fiscal 2008 primarily due to an increase in the annual value of existing customer contracts, partially offset by unfavorable foreign exchange variance of $32 million.
 
Subscription and maintenance revenue increased for fiscal 2008 compared with fiscal 2007 also predominantly due to an increase in the annual value of existing customer contracts, plus a $144 million favorable variance from foreign exchange.
 
Subscription and Maintenance Bookings
For fiscal 2009 and 2008, we added subscription and maintenance bookings of $4,783 million and $4,110 million, respectively. Subscription and maintenance bookings for fiscal 2009 were favorably affected by an increase in U.S. renewal bookings compared with the prior year period primarily due to the size and duration of the contracts that were renewed in fiscal 2009, partially offset by an unfavorable variance due to foreign exchange. During fiscal 2009, we renewed a total of 68 license agreements with incremental contract values in excess of $10 million each, for an aggregate contract value of $2,471 million. During fiscal 2008, we renewed a total of 61 license agreements with incremental contract values in excess of $10 million each, for an aggregate contract value of $1,396 million. The increase in the dollar value of the agreements in excess of $10 million was primarily attributable to the execution of several large contract extensions with terms

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of approximately five years in the second quarter, two of which had a combined contract value of approximately $550 million. For fiscal 2009, annualized subscription and maintenance bookings decreased $54 million from the prior year period to $1,325 million. The weighted average subscription and maintenance license agreement duration in years increased to 3.61 for fiscal 2009 compared with 2.98 for fiscal 2008 due to an increase in the number and dollar values of contracts executed with contract terms longer than historical averages. Although each contract is subject to terms negotiated by the respective parties, management does not currently expect the duration of contracts to increase materially beyond historical levels.
 
For fiscal 2008 and 2007, we added subscription and maintenance bookings of $4,110 million and $3,610 million, respectively. Bookings for fiscal 2008 were favorably affected by growth in sales of new products and services, continued improvement in the management of contract renewals, and an increase in the number and dollar amounts of large contracts during the fiscal year. During fiscal 2008, we renewed a total of 61 license agreements with incremental contract values in excess of $10 million each, for an aggregate contract value of $1,396 million. During fiscal 2007, we renewed 42 license agreements with incremental contract values in excess of $10 million each, for an aggregate contract value of $1,142 million. For fiscal 2008, annualized subscription and maintenance bookings increased $151 million from the prior year period to $1,379 million.
 
Professional Services
Professional services revenue primarily includes product implementation, customer training and customer education. The revenue decrease for fiscal 2009 compared with fiscal 2008 was primarily due to our concerted efforts to reduce the number of low margin service contracts in all regions, revenue decreases from customer delays in signing professional service contracts due to the difficult economic environment and revenue decreases in the APJ region, which was due to our decision to stop providing professional services in certain markets in conjunction with our change in that region from a direct to an indirect sales model.
 
The increase in professional services revenue for fiscal 2008 compared with fiscal 2007 was driven primarily by growth in the volume of Project and Portfolio Management, Identity and Access Management and Service Management implementation projects in fiscal 2008.
 
Software Fees and Other
Software fees and other revenue primarily consists of revenue that is recognized on an up-front basis as required by SOP 97-2. This includes revenue generated through transactions with distribution and original equipment manufacturer channel partners (sometimes referred to as our “indirect” or “channel” revenue) and certain revenue associated with new or acquired products sold on an up-front basis. Also included is financing fee revenue, which results from the discounting of product sales recognized on an up-front basis with extended payment terms to present value. Revenue recognized on an up-front basis results in higher revenue for the current period than if the same revenue had been recognized ratably under our subscription model.
 
For fiscal 2009, software fees and other revenue increased from fiscal 2008 primarily due to an $11 million increase in our indirect business revenue and $5 million due to the license agreement we entered into with Rocket Software, Inc. (Rocket). These increases were partially offset by lower financing fees and other revenues. Refer to Note 8 “Commitments and Contingencies” for additional information relating to the Rocket agreement.
 
For fiscal 2008, software fees and other revenue slightly decreased compared with fiscal 2007 due to lower financing fee revenue due to the decrease in the remaining number of contracts from the prior business model with extended payment terms, which was partially offset by revenue increases in our indirect business.
 
Total Revenue by Geography
The following table presents the amount of revenue earned from sales to unaffiliated customers in the United States and international regions and corresponding percentage changes for fiscal 2009, 2008 and 2007.
 
                                                                                 
    FISCAL 2009 COMPARED WITH FISCAL 2008     FISCAL 2008 COMPARED WITH FISCAL 2007  
(DOLLARS IN MILLIONS)   2009     % of Total     2008     % of Total     % Change     2008     % of Total     2007     % of Total     % Change  
United States
  $ 2,291       54 %   $ 2,217       52 %     3 %   $ 2,217       52 %   $ 2,131       54 %     4 %
International
    1,980       46 %     2,060       48 %     (4 )%     2,060       48 %     1,812       46 %     14 %
                                                                                 
    $ 4,271       100 %   $ 4,277       100 %     %   $ 4,277       100 %   $ 3,943       100 %     8 %

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U.S. revenue increased in fiscal 2009 compared with fiscal 2008 primarily due to growth from higher subscription revenue resulting from subscription agreements executed in prior periods. International revenue decreased in fiscal 2009 compared with fiscal 2008 partially due to the unfavorable impacts from foreign exchange of $35 million as well as a $37 million revenue decrease in the APJ region, which was mostly due to our decision to stop providing professional services in certain markets in conjunction with our change in that region from a direct to indirect sales model.
 
U.S. revenue increased in fiscal 2008 compared with fiscal 2007 primarily due to growth from higher subscription revenue resulting from subscription agreements executed in prior periods. International revenue increased in fiscal 2008 compared with fiscal 2007 principally due to the favorable impacts from foreign exchange of $165 million as well as higher subscription revenue associated with an increase in deferred subscription value from contracts executed in prior periods, particularly in Europe.
 
Price changes do not have a material impact on revenue in a given period as a result of our ratable subscription model.
 
Expenses
Effective with the filing of the first quarter fiscal 2009 Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we refined the classification of certain costs reported on our Consolidated Statement of Operations to better reflect the allocation of various expenses and to better align our reported financial statements with our internal view of our business performance. This refinement increased the amounts reported for fiscal 2008 in the costs of licensing and maintenance, cost of professional services, selling and marketing, and product development and enhancements line items by $5 million, $18 million, $69 million and $10 million, respectively, and decreased the amount reported in general and administrative by $102 million. This refinement increased the amounts reported for fiscal 2007 in the costs of licensing and maintenance, cost of professional services, selling and marketing, and product development and enhancements line items by $6 million, $7 million, $71 million and $13 million, respectively, and decreased the amount reported in general and administrative by $97 million. Total expenses before income taxes and net income were not affected by these reclassifications.
 
The overall declines in operating expenses for fiscal 2009 compared with fiscal 2008 and for fiscal 2008 compared with fiscal 2007 were primarily due to improved cost management and increased operating efficiencies, including personnel and other savings realized from the fiscal 2007 cost reduction and restructuring plan (fiscal 2007 restructuring plan). In addition there was a favorable impact from foreign exchange of $35 million for fiscal 2009 compared with fiscal 2008 and an unfavorable impact from foreign exchange of $111 million for fiscal 2008 compared with fiscal 2007.
 
Costs of Licensing and Maintenance
Costs of licensing and maintenance include technical support, royalties, and other manufacturing and distribution costs. The increase in costs of licensing and maintenance for fiscal 2009 compared with fiscal 2008 was primarily due to the strategic partnership agreement that we signed with an outside third party relating to our Internet Security business during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2008, under which fees are paid based on sales volumes. Prior to this strategic partnership, the development costs relating to this business were included in product development and enhancements. These increases in costs of licensing and maintenance were partially offset by decreases in product support expenses.
 
The increases in costs of licensing and maintenance for fiscal 2008 compared with fiscal 2007 was primarily due to increased technical support costs for enhanced support agreements we sell to our customers.
 
Cost of Professional Services
Cost of professional services consists primarily of our personnel-related costs associated with providing professional services and training to customers. The decrease in cost of professional services for fiscal 2009 compared with fiscal 2008 was primarily due to a reduced use of external consultants, reduced personnel costs and our effort to reduce the number of low margin service contracts which resulted in cost reductions due to lower sales volume and margin improvements. As a result of the decreased costs of professional services, the margins on professional services revenue improved to 14% for fiscal 2009 compared with 4% for fiscal 2008.
 
For fiscal 2008, cost of professional services increased compared with fiscal 2007 primarily due to the growth in professional services provided. Fiscal 2008 margins on professional services revenue were 4%, which represented a slight decrease from fiscal 2007.

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Amortization of Capitalized Software Costs
Amortization of capitalized software costs consists of the amortization of both purchased software and internally generated capitalized software development costs. Internally generated capitalized software development costs relate to new products and significant enhancements to existing software products that have reached the technological feasibility stage.
 
The slight increase in amortization of capitalized software costs in fiscal 2009 from fiscal 2008 was principally due to the amount of projects that have reached technological feasibility and were capitalized during fiscal 2009 and fiscal 2008.
 
The decline in amortization of capitalized software costs from fiscal 2007 to fiscal 2008 was principally due to the full amortization of certain capitalized software costs related to prior acquisitions.
 
Selling and Marketing
Selling and marketing expenses include the costs relating to our sales force, costs relating to our channel partners, corporate and business marketing costs and our customer training programs. Including a $15 million decrease due to foreign exchange, the decline in selling and marketing expenses for fiscal 2009 compared with fiscal 2008 was primarily due to decreases in personnel costs of $48 million, promotion expenses of $26 million, office and IT costs of $14 million and external consulting costs of $11 million. Including a $53 million increase due to foreign exchange, the decline in selling and marketing expenses for fiscal 2008 compared with fiscal 2007 was primarily due to reduced personnel and office costs of $11 million, mostly due to savings realized in connection with the fiscal 2007 restructuring plan partially offset by higher sales commissions that resulted from an increase in the aggregate value of contracts executed during the year. For additional information regarding the fiscal 2007 restructuring plan, refer to Note 3, “Restructuring and Other,” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
General and Administrative
General and administrative expenses include the costs of corporate and support functions, including our executive leadership and administration groups, finance, legal, human resources, corporate communications and other costs, such as provisions for doubtful accounts. Including a $4 million decrease due to foreign exchange, general and administrative costs decreased in fiscal 2009 compared with fiscal 2008 primarily due to lower office and IT costs of $28 million, lower personnel-related expenses of $16 million, lower external consulting costs of $18 million and a reduction in bad debt expenses of $9 million, partially offset by a $12 million reduction in general and administrative expenses we recorded in fiscal 2008 due to obligations from prior period acquisitions that were settled for amounts less than originally estimated that did not recur in fiscal 2009 (refer to Note 2, “Acquisitions and Divestitures,” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information).
 
Including a $3 million increase due to foreign exchange, general and administrative costs decreased in fiscal 2008 compared with fiscal 2007 primarily due to lower personnel-related expenses and consulting costs of $42 million. In fiscal 2008, we increased our provision for doubtful accounts by $19 million, compared with fiscal 2007. In fiscal 2008, we recorded a $12 million expense reduction due to obligations from prior period acquisitions that were settled for amounts less than originally estimated (refer to Note 2, “Acquisitions and Divestitures,” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information).
 
Product Development and Enhancements
For fiscal 2009, fiscal 2008 and fiscal 2007, product development and enhancements expenses represented approximately 11%, 12% and 14% of total revenue, respectively. Expenses declined during fiscal 2009 as compared with fiscal 2008 primarily due to the strategic partnership agreement signed relating to the development of products associated with our Internet Security business and increased capitalization of internally developed software, partially offset by higher personnel costs. The year-over-year decline in product development and enhancements in fiscal 2008 compared with fiscal 2007 was principally due to a continued focus on transferring development to lower cost regions and savings realized from restructuring activities.
 
Depreciation and Amortization of Other Intangible Assets
The decrease in depreciation and amortization of other intangible assets for fiscal 2009 compared with fiscal 2008 was primarily due to decreased amortization costs of intangible assets relating to prior period acquisitions.

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The increase in depreciation and amortization of other intangible assets for fiscal 2008 as compared with fiscal 2007 was primarily due to the amortization of intangibles recognized in conjunction with prior year acquisitions and costs capitalized in connection with our continued investment in our enterprise resource planning system.
 
Other (Gains) Expenses, Net
Gains and losses attributable to divestitures of certain assets, certain foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, and certain other infrequent events have been included in the “Other (gains) expenses, net” line item in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. The components of “Other (gains) expenses, net” are as follows:
 
                         
    YEAR ENDED MARCH 31,
 
(IN MILLIONS)   2009     2008     2007  
(Gains) expenses attributable to divestitures of certain assets and other items
  $ (5 )   $ 1     $ (17 )
Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates
    (11 )     (28 )      
Expenses attributable to litigation claims and settlements
    15       33       4  
                         
Total
  $ (1 )   $ 6     $ (13 )
                         
 
In fiscal 2009, we recorded net foreign exchange gains of $11 million. The foreign exchange amounts recorded in fiscal 2009 included net gains of $77 million associated with derivative foreign exchange contracts, which we use to mitigate our operating risks and exposures to foreign currency exchange rates. These gains were mostly offset by foreign exchange losses from other operating activities due to the strengthening of the U.S. dollar against other currencies in which we conduct our operations. During the third quarter of fiscal 2009, we recognized a gain of $5 million associated with our repurchase of $148 million principal amount of our 4.750% Senior Notes due 2009. For additional information, refer to Note 1, “Significant Accounting Policies,” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
For fiscal 2008, we incurred expenses associated with litigation claims of $33 million. Included in the expenses for litigation claims was a charge of $14 million representing the present value of the obligation to pay additional amounts in connection with a settlement agreement on our Senior Notes due in 2014 (refer to the discussion of the Fiscal 2005 Senior Notes in the “Liquidity and Capital Resources” section of this MD&A for additional information).
 
Restructuring and Other
In August 2006, we announced the fiscal 2007 restructuring plan to significantly improve our expense structure and increase our competitiveness. The objectives of the fiscal 2007 restructuring plan included a workforce reduction, global facilities consolidations and other cost reduction initiatives. The total cost of the fiscal 2007 restructuring plan was initially expected to be $200 million.
 
In April 2008, the objectives of the plan were expanded to include additional workforce reductions, global facilities consolidations and other cost reduction initiatives with expected additional costs of $75 million to $100 million, bringing the total pre-tax restructuring charges for the fiscal 2007 restructuring plan to $275 million to $300 million.
 
On March 31, 2009, our Board of Directors approved additional cost reduction and restructuring actions relating to the fiscal 2007 restructuring plan. The objectives were expanded to now include (1) an additional workforce reduction of 300 to bring the total to 3,100 positions since the inception of the fiscal 2007 restructuring plan, (2) additional global facilities consolidations and (3) additional other cost reduction initiatives. These additional charges of $45 million bring the total expected pre-tax restructuring charges for the fiscal 2007 restructuring plan to $345 million, $340 million of which was incurred by the end of fiscal 2009. Refer to Note 3, “Restructuring and Other” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
 
For fiscal 2009 and 2008, we incurred expenses of $96 million and $97 million, respectively, primarily related to severance and lease abandonment and termination costs under the fiscal 2007 restructuring plan, of which $116 million remains unpaid as of March 31, 2009. The severance portion of the remaining liability balance is included in “Salaries, wages and commissions” line on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. The facilities abandonment portion of the remaining liability balance is included in “Accrued expenses and other current liabilities” and “Other noncurrent liabilities” lines on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. Final payment of these amounts is dependent upon settlement with the works councils in certain international locations and our ability to negotiate lease terminations.

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During fiscal 2008, we incurred $12 million in legal fees in connection with matters under review by the Special Litigation Committee, composed of independent members of the Board of Directors (refer to Note 8, “Commitments and Contingencies” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information). During fiscal 2009 and fiscal 2008, we recorded impairment charges of $5 million and $6 million, respectively, for software that was capitalized for internal use but was determined to be impaired. In the first quarter of fiscal 2008, we incurred $4 million expense related to a loss on the sale of an investment in marketable securities associated with the closure of an international location.
 
Charge for In-Process Research and Development Costs
For fiscal 2007, the charge for in-process research and development costs of $10 million was associated with the acquisition of XOsoft, Inc.
 
Interest Expense, Net
The decrease in interest expense, net, for fiscal 2009 compared with fiscal 2008 was primarily due to decreased interest expenses as a result of the repayment of the $350 million 6.500% Senior Notes due April 2008 (the fiscal 1999 Senior Notes) and partial repurchase of our 4.750% Senior Notes due December 2009.
 
The decrease in interest expense, net, for fiscal 2008 compared with fiscal 2007 was primarily due to an increase in interest earned on higher average cash balances during the year.
 
Refer to the “Liquidity and Capital Resources” section of this MD&A and Note 7, “Debt,” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements, for additional information.
 
Income Taxes
Our effective tax rate from continuing operations was approximately 37%, 38%, and 21%, for fiscal years 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively. Refer to Note 9, “Income Taxes,” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
 
The income tax provision recorded for fiscal 2009 includes a net charge of $22 million, which is primarily attributable to adjustments to uncertain tax positions (including certain refinements of amounts ascribed to tax positions taken in prior periods), partially offset by the reinstatement of the U.S. Research and Development Tax Credit and the settlement of a U.S. federal income tax audit for the fiscal years 2001 through 2004. As a result of this settlement, during the first quarter of fiscal year 2009, we recognized a tax benefit of $11 million and a reduction of goodwill by $10 million.
 
The income tax provision recorded for fiscal 2008 included charges of $26 million associated with certain corporate income tax rate reductions enacted in various non-US tax jurisdictions (with corresponding impacts on our net deferred tax assets). As enacted income tax rates decline, the future value of the deferred tax assets declines, giving rise to a charge through the corporate income tax provision in the current period. Accordingly, deferred tax assets were adjusted to reflect the enacted rates in effect when the temporary items are expected to reverse.
 
The income tax provision for fiscal 2007 included benefits of $23 million, primarily arising from the resolution of certain international and U.S. federal tax liabilities.
 
No provision has been made for U.S. federal income taxes on the remaining balance of the unremitted earnings of our foreign subsidiaries since we plan to permanently reinvest all such earnings outside the U.S. Unremitted earnings totaled $1,349 million and $1,110 million as of March 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively. It is not practicable to determine the amount of the tax associated with such unremitted earnings.
 
Refer to Note 9, “Income Taxes” for additional information.

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Selected Quarterly Information
                                         
    FISCAL 2009 QUARTER ENDED  
(IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AND PERCENTAGE AMOUNTS)
  JUNE 30     SEPT. 30     DEC. 31     MAR. 31     TOTAL  
                                         
Revenue
  $ 1,087     $ 1,107     $ 1,042     $ 1,035     $ 4,271  
Percentage of annual revenue
    26 %     26 %     24 %     24 %     100 %
Net income (1)
  $ 200     $ 209     $ 213     $ 72     $ 694  
Basic income per share
  $ 0.39     $ 0.41     $ 0.41     $ 0.14     $ 1.35  
Diluted income per share
  $ 0.37     $ 0.39     $ 0.40     $ 0.13     $ 1.29  
 
                                         
    FISCAL 2008 QUARTER ENDED  
(IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AND PERCENTAGE AMOUNTS)
  JUNE 30     SEPT. 30     DEC. 31     MAR. 31     TOTAL  
                                         
Revenue
  $ 1,025     $ 1,067     $ 1,100     $ 1,085     $ 4,277  
Percentage of annual revenue
    24 %     25 %     26 %     25 %     100 %
Net income (2)
  $ 129     $ 137     $ 163     $ 71     $ 500  
Basic income per share
  $ 0.25     $ 0.27     $ 0.32     $ 0.14     $ 0.97  
Diluted income per share
  $ 0.24     $ 0.26     $ 0.31     $ 0.13     $ 0.93  
 
 
1 Includes after-tax charges of $1 million, $1 million, $0 million and $58 million for severance and other expenses in connection with a restructuring plan for the quarters ended June 30, September 30, December 31, and March 31, respectively. Refer to “Restructuring and Other” within the Results of Operations section of this MD&A for additional information. Also includes a net charge of $16 million from certain tax items and $25 million ascribed to refinements of tax positions taken in prior periods, recorded during the quarter ended March 31, 2009.
 
2 Includes after-tax charges of $4 million, $7 million, $7 million and $43 million for severance and other expenses in connection with a restructuring plan for the quarters ended June 30, September 30, December 31, and March 31, respectively. Refer to “Restructuring and Other” within the Results of Operations section of this MD&A for additional information.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our cash balances, including cash equivalents and marketable securities, are held in numerous locations throughout the world, with 50% residing outside the United States at March 31, 2009. Cash and cash equivalents totaled $2,712 million as of March 31, 2009, representing a decrease of $83 million from the March 31, 2008 balance of $2,795 million, primarily due to the repayment of the $350 million principal amount of our 6.500% Senior Notes due April 2008 that was due and payable during the first quarter of fiscal 2009 and the partial repurchase of $324 million principal amount of our 4.750% Senior Notes due December 2009 during the second half of fiscal 2009 (refer to Debt Arrangements below for additional information). As of March 31, 2009 compared with March 31, 2008, cash and cash equivalents decreased $252 million due to the unfavorable translation effect that foreign currency exchange rates had on cash held outside the United States in currencies other than the U.S. dollar.
 
On October 29, 2008, our Board of Directors approved a stock repurchase program that authorizes us to acquire up to $250 million of our common stock. During the third quarter of fiscal 2009, we paid $4 million to repurchase 0.3 million of our common shares at an average price of $15.84. As of March 31, 2009, we remain authorized to purchase an aggregate amount of up to $246 million of additional shares of common stock under our existing stock repurchase program. We will fund the program with available cash on hand and may repurchase shares on the open market from time to time based on market conditions and other factors.
 
Sources and Uses of Cash
Cash generated by operating activities, which represents our primary source of liquidity, increased $109 million in fiscal 2009 to $1,212 million from $1,103 million in fiscal 2008. For fiscal 2009, accounts receivable decreased by $199 million, compared with a decline in the comparable prior year period of $111 million. For fiscal 2009, accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities decreased $99 million compared with a decrease in the comparable prior year period of $95 million.
 
Under our subscription and maintenance agreements, customers generally make installment payments over the term of the agreement, often with one payment due at contract execution, for the right to use our software products and receive product support, software fixes and new products when available. The timing and actual amounts of cash received from committed customer installment payments under any specific agreement can be affected by several factors, including the time value of money and the customer’s credit rating. Often, the amount received is the result of direct negotiations with the customer when establishing pricing and payment terms. In certain instances, the customer negotiates a price for a single installment payment and seeks its own internal or external financing sources. In other instances, we may assist the customer by arranging financing

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on their behalf through a third party financial institution. Alternatively, we may decide to transfer our rights to the future committed installment payments due under the license agreement to a third party financial institution in exchange for a cash payment. Once transferred, the future committed installments are payable by the customer to the third party financial institution. Whether the future committed installments have been financed directly by the customer with our assistance or by the transfer of our rights to future committed installments to a third party, such financing agreements may contain limited recourse provisions with respect to our continued performance under the license agreements. Based on our historical experience, we believe that any liability that we may incur as a result of these limited recourse provisions will be immaterial.
 
Amounts billed or collected as a result of a single installment for the entire contract value, or a substantial portion of the contract value, rather than being invoiced and collected over the life of the license agreement are reflected in the liability section of the Consolidated Balance Sheets as “Deferred revenue (billed or collected).” Amounts received from either the customer or a third-party financial institution in the current period that are attributable to later years of a license agreement have a positive impact on billings and cash provided by operating activities. Accordingly, to the extent such collections are attributable to the later years of a license agreement, billings and cash provided by operating activities during the license’s later years will be lower than if the payments were received over the license term. We are unable to predict with certainty the amount of cash to be collected from single installments for the entire contract value, or a substantial portion of the contract value, under new or renewed license agreements to be executed in future periods.
 
For fiscal 2009, gross receipts related to single installments for the entire contract value, or a substantial portion of the contract value, were $526 million, compared with $641 million in fiscal 2008. These amounts include transactions financed through third parties of $98 million and $257 million for fiscal 2009 and fiscal 2008, respectively.
 
In any fiscal year, cash provided by continuing operating activities typically increases in each consecutive quarter throughout the fiscal year in accordance with our bookings cycle, with the fourth quarter being the highest and the first quarter being the lowest. The timing of net cash provided by operating activities during the fiscal year is also affected by many other factors, including the timing of any customer financing or transfer of our interest in such contractual installments and the level and timing of expenditures.
 
In any quarter, we may receive payments in advance of the contractually committed date on which the payments were otherwise due. In limited circumstances, we may offer discounts to customers to ensure payment in the current period of invoices that have been billed, but might not otherwise be paid until a subsequent period because of payment terms or other factors. Historically, any such discounts have not been material.
 
Our estimate of the fair value of net installment accounts receivable recorded under the prior business model approximates carrying value. Amounts due from customers under our current business model are offset by deferred revenue related to these license agreements, leaving no or minimal net carrying value for such amounts. The fair value of such amounts may exceed, equal, or be less than this carrying value but cannot be practically assessed since there is no existing market for a pool of customer receivables with contractual commitments similar to those owned by us. The actual fair value may not be known until these amounts are sold, securitized or collected. Although these customer license agreements commit the customer to payment under a fixed schedule, to the extent amounts are not yet due and payable by the customer, the agreements are considered executory in nature due to our ongoing commitment to provide maintenance and unspecified future software products as part of the agreement terms.
 
We can estimate the total amounts to be billed from committed contracts, referred to as our billings backlog, and the total amount to be recognized as revenue from committed contracts, referred to as our revenue backlog. The aggregate amounts of our billings backlog and trade and installment receivables already reflected on our Consolidated Balance Sheets represent the amounts we expect to collect in the future from committed contracts.
 

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    MARCH 31,
    MARCH 31,
 
(IN MILLIONS)   2009     2008  
 
Billings Backlog:
               
Amounts to be billed — current
  $ 1,719     $ 1,716  
Amounts to be billed — noncurrent
    2,228       1,442  
                 
Total billings backlog
  $ 3,947     $ 3,158  
                 
Revenue Backlog:
               
Revenue to be recognized within the next 12 months — current
  $ 3,295     $ 3,478  
Revenue to be recognized beyond the next 12 months — noncurrent
    4,083       3,380  
                 
Total revenue backlog
  $ 7,378     $ 6,858  
                 
Deferred revenue (billed or collected)
  $ 3,431     $ 3,700  
Total billings backlog
    3,947       3,158  
                 
Total revenue backlog
  $ 7,378     $ 6,858  
                 
Note: Revenue Backlog includes deferred subscription, maintenance and professional services revenue
 
We can also estimate the total cash to be collected in the future from committed contracts, referred to as our “Expected future cash collections” by adding the total billings backlog to the current and noncurrent Trade and Installment Accounts Receivable from our balance sheet.
 
                 
    March 31,
    March 31,
 
(IN MILLIONS)   2009     2008  
 
Expected future cash collections:
               
Total billings backlog
  $ 3,947     $ 3,158  
Trade and installment accounts receivable — current, net
    839       970  
Installment accounts receivable — noncurrent, net
    128       234  
                 
Total expected future cash collections
  $ 4,914     $ 4,362  
                 
 
The increases in our revenue and billings backlogs as well as our expected future cash collections were driven by increased bookings value and the increased duration associated with those bookings. Revenue to be recognized in the next 12 months decreased 5% at March 31, 2009 as compared with March 31, 2008 mostly due to the negative effect of foreign exchange. Excluding the effect of foreign exchange, revenue to be recognized in the next 12 months increased by 3% at March 31, 2009 as compared with March 31, 2008. In any fiscal year, cash provided by operating activities has typically increased in each consecutive quarter throughout the fiscal year, with the fourth quarter being the highest and the first quarter being the lowest. The timing of cash provided by operating activities during the fiscal year is affected by many factors, including the timing of new or renewed contracts and the associated billings, as well as the timing of any customer financing or transfer of our interests in contractual installments. Other factors that influence the levels of cash generated throughout the quarter can include the level and timing of expenditures.
 
Unbilled amounts under our business model are mostly collectible over one to five years. As of March 31, 2009, on a cumulative basis, 44%, 72%, 86%, 96%, and 100% of amounts due from customers recorded under our business model come due within fiscal 2010 through 2014, respectively.
 
Remaining unbilled amounts under the prior business model are collectible over one to three years. As of March 31, 2009, on a cumulative basis, 45%, 81% and 100% of amounts due from customers recorded under the prior business model come due within fiscal 2010 through 2012, respectively.

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Cash Generated by Operating Activities
                                         
    YEAR ENDED MARCH 31,     $ CHANGE     $ CHANGE  
(IN MILLIONS)   2009     2008     2007     2009/2008     2008/2007  
 
Cash collections from billings (1)
  $ 4,735     $ 4,960     $ 4,860     $  (225 )   $   100  
Vendor disbursements and payroll (1)
     (3,112 )      (3,324 )      (3,400 )      212        76  
Income tax payments
     (351 )      (374 )      (296 )      23        (78 )
Other disbursements, net (2)
    (60 )     (159 )     (96 )     99       (63 )
                                         
Cash generated by operating activities
  $ 1,212     $ 1,103     $ 1,068     $ 109     $ 35  
                                         
 
 
1 Amounts include VAT and sales taxes.
 
2 Amounts include interest, restructuring and miscellaneous receipts and disbursements.
 
Fiscal 2009 Compared with Fiscal 2008
Operating Activities:
Cash generated by continuing operating activities for fiscal 2009 was $1,212 million, representing an increase of $109 million compared with fiscal 2008. The increase was primarily due to a reduction of $212 million in vendor disbursements and payroll due to increased operating efficiencies and $78 million received from settlements of derivative contracts primarily resulting from the strengthening of the U.S. dollar against the euro. The amounts received from the settlements of derivative contracts were mostly offset by the reduced value in dollars of net cash received due to foreign exchange movements. These increases were partially offset by a $225 million decrease in cash collections from billings, mostly due to a $115 million decrease in single installment payments.
 
Investing Activities:
Cash used in investing activities for fiscal 2009 was $284 million compared with $219 million for fiscal 2008. Increases in cash paid for acquisitions, net of cash acquired, and capitalized software development costs of $49 million and $17 million, respectively, were partially offset by reduced purchases of property and equipment of $34 million and a $27 million reduction due to proceeds from a sale-leaseback transaction that were realized in fiscal 2008 that did not recur in fiscal 2009.
 
Financing Activities:
Cash used in financing activities for fiscal 2009 was $759 million compared with $572 million in fiscal 2008. The increase in cash used in financing activities was primarily due to the partial repayment of $324 million principal amount of our 4.750% Senior Notes due 2009 during the second half of fiscal 2009. In addition, during the first quarter of fiscal 2009, we repaid the $350 million 6.500% Senior Notes that was due and payable at that time. Refer to “Debt Arrangements” below for additional information concerning our outstanding debt balances at March 31, 2009. Partially offsetting the debt repayments in fiscal 2009 was a decrease in common stock repurchases. During fiscal 2009, we repurchased $4 million of our own common stock, compared with $500 million in fiscal 2008.
 
Fiscal 2008 Compared with Fiscal 2007
Operating Activities:
Cash generated by continuing operating activities for fiscal 2008 was $1,103 million, representing an increase of $35 million compared with fiscal 2007. The increase was driven primarily by higher collections of $100 million, including an increase of $64 million from single installment receipts, and lower disbursements to vendors and lower payroll related disbursements of $76 million. These amounts were partly offset by higher cash payments for income taxes and interest payments.
 
Investing Activities:
Cash used in investing activities for fiscal 2008 was $219 million compared with $202 million for fiscal 2007. Cash paid for acquisitions, net of cash acquired, was $27 million for fiscal 2008 compared with $212 million for fiscal 2007. Proceeds from the sale of assets were $46 million for fiscal 2008, compared with $223 million in fiscal 2007, which included proceeds on the sale-leaseback of our corporate headquarters in Islandia, New York of $201 million. In fiscal 2008, we had net purchases of marketable securities of $3 million compared with proceeds from sales of marketable securities in fiscal 2007 of $44 million.

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Financing Activities:
Cash used in financing activities for fiscal 2008 was $572 million compared with $515 million in fiscal 2007. During fiscal 2008, we repurchased $500 million of our own common stock, compared with $1,216 million in fiscal 2007. Partially offsetting the share repurchases in fiscal 2007 was an increase in borrowings of $750 million under our 2004 Revolving Credit Facility. In the second quarter of fiscal 2008, we repaid our 2004 Revolving Credit Facility with proceeds from our 2008 Revolving Credit Facility. During fiscal 2008, we paid dividends of $82 million, compared with $88 million in fiscal 2007.
 
As of March 31, 2009 and 2008, our debt arrangements consisted of the following:
 
                                 
    MARCH 31, 2009     MARCH 31, 2008  
    MAXIMUM
    OUTSTANDING
    MAXIMUM
    OUTSTANDING
 
(IN MILLIONS)   AVAILABLE     BALANCE     AVAILABLE     BALANCE  
 
Debt Arrangements:
                               
2008 Revolving Credit Facility (expires August 2012)
  $ 1,000     $ 750     $ 1,000     $ 750  
6.500% Senior Notes due April 2008
                      350  
1.625% Convertible Senior Notes due December 2009
          460             460  
4.750% Senior Notes due December 2009
          176             500  
6.125% Senior Notes due December 2014
          500             500  
International line of credit
    25             25        
Capital lease obligations and other
          51             22  
                                 
Total
          $ 1,937             $ 2,582  
                                 
 
As of March 31, 2009, we had $1,937 million in debt and $2,713 million in cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities. Our net cash surplus position, cash in excess of debt, was $776 million.
 
Additionally, we reported restricted cash balances of $56 million and $62 million as of March 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively, which were included in the “Other noncurrent assets, net” line item.
 
2008 Revolving Credit Facility
In August 2007, we entered into the 2008 Revolving Credit Facility. The maximum committed amount available under the 2008 Revolving Credit Facility is $1 billion, exclusive of incremental credit increases of up to an additional $500 million, which are available subject to certain conditions and the agreement of our lenders. The 2008 Revolving Credit Facility replaces the prior $1 billion 2004 Revolving Credit Facility, which was due to expire on December 2, 2008. The 2004 Revolving Credit Facility was terminated effective August 29, 2007, at which time outstanding borrowings of $750 million were repaid and simultaneously re-borrowed under the 2008 Revolving Credit Facility. The 2008 Revolving Credit Facility expires on August 29, 2012. As of March 31, 2009 and 2008, $750 million was drawn down under the 2008 Revolving Credit Facility.
 
Borrowings under the 2008 Revolving Credit Facility bear interest at a rate dependent on our credit ratings at the time of such borrowings and are calculated according to a base rate or a Eurocurrency rate, as the case may be, plus an applicable margin and utilization fee. The applicable margin for a base rate borrowing is 0% and, depending on our credit rating, the applicable margin for a Eurocurrency borrowing ranges from 0.27% to 0.875%. Also, depending on our credit rating at the time of the borrowing, the utilization fee can range from 0.1% to 0.25% for borrowings over 50% of the total commitment. At our credit ratings as of March 31, 2009, the applicable margin was 0% for a base rate borrowing and 0.425% for a Eurocurrency borrowing, and the utilization fee was 0.1%. As of March 31, 2009, the weighted average interest rate on our outstanding borrowings was 1.95%. In addition, we must pay facility commitment fees quarterly at rates dependent on our credit ratings. The facility commitment fees can range from 0.08% to 0.375% of the final allocated amount of each Lender’s full revolving credit commitment (without taking into account any outstanding borrowings under such commitments). Based on our credit ratings as of March 31, 2009, the facility commitment fee was 0.125% of the $1 billion committed amount.
 
The 2008 Revolving Credit Facility contains customary covenants for transactions of this type, including two financial covenants: (i) for the 12 months ending each quarter-end, the ratio of consolidated debt for borrowed money to consolidated cash flow, each as defined in the 2008 Revolving Credit Facility, must not exceed 4.00 to 1.00; and (ii) for the 12 months ending each quarter-end, the ratio of consolidated cash flow to the sum of interest payable on, and amortization of debt discount in respect of, all consolidated debt for borrowed money, as defined in the 2008 Revolving Credit Facility, must not be

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less than 5.00 to 1.00. In addition, as a condition precedent to each borrowing made under the 2008 Revolving Credit Facility, as of the date of such borrowing, (i) no event of default shall have occurred and be continuing and (ii) we are to reaffirm that the representations and warranties made by us in the 2008 Revolving Credit Facility (other than the representation with respect to material adverse changes, but including the representation regarding the absence of certain material litigation) are correct. As of March 31, 2009, we are in compliance with these debt covenants.
 
6.500% Senior Notes
In fiscal 1999, we issued $1,750 million of unsecured 6.500% Senior Notes in a transaction pursuant to Rule 144A under the Securities Act of 1933 (Rule 144A). In the first quarter of fiscal 2009, we paid the $350 million 6.500% Senior Notes that was due and payable at that time. Subsequent to this scheduled payment, there were no further amounts due under this issuance.
 
1.625% Convertible Senior Notes
In fiscal 2003, we issued $460 million of unsecured 1.625% Convertible Senior Notes (1.625% Notes) due December 2009, in a transaction pursuant to Rule 144A. The 1.625% Notes are senior unsecured indebtedness and rank equally with all existing senior unsecured indebtedness. Concurrent with the issuance of the 1.625% Notes, we entered into call spread repurchase option transactions (1.625% Notes Call Spread) to partially mitigate potential dilution from conversion of the 1.625% Notes. The option purchase price of the 1.625% Notes Call Spread was $73 million and the entire purchase price was charged to stockholders’ equity in December 2002. Under the terms of the 1.625% Notes Call Spread, we can elect to receive (i) outstanding shares equivalent to the number of shares that will be issued if all of the 1.625% Notes are converted into shares (23 million shares) upon payment of an exercise price of $20.04 per share (aggregate price of $460 million); or (ii) a net cash settlement, net share settlement or a combination, whereby we will receive cash or shares equal to the increase in the market value of the 23 million shares from the aggregate value at the $20.04 exercise price (aggregate price of $460 million), subject to the upper limit of $30.00 discussed below. The 1.625% Notes Call Spread is designed to partially mitigate the potential dilution from conversion of the 1.625% Notes, depending upon the market price of our common stock at such time. The 1.625% Notes Call Spread can be exercised in December 2009 at an exercise price of $20.04 per share. To limit the cost of the 1.625% Notes Call Spread, an upper limit of $30.00 per share has been set, such that if the price of the common stock is above that limit at the time of exercise, the number of shares eligible to be purchased will be proportionately reduced based on the amount by which the common share price exceeds $30.00 at the time of exercise. As of March 31, 2009, the estimated fair value of the 1.625% Notes Call Spread was $34 million, which was based upon valuations from independent third-party financial institutions.
 
Fiscal Year 2005 Senior Notes
In November 2004, we issued an aggregate of $1 billion of unsecured Senior Notes (collectively, the 2005 Senior Notes) in a transaction pursuant to Rule 144A. We issued $500 million of 4.75%, 5-year notes due December 2009 and $500 million of 5.625%, 10-year notes due December 2014. In December 2007, the 5.625% Senior Notes due December 2014 were renamed the 6.125% Senior Notes due December 2014 (see below for additional information).
 
4.750% Senior Notes due December 2009:  During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2009, we completed a tender offer to repay a portion of our 4.750% Senior Notes due December 1, 2009, under which we repaid $176 million of the aggregate principal amount of the notes, exclusive of accrued interest. During the third quarter of fiscal 2009, we also repaid $148 million of the aggregate principal amount of our 4.750% Senior Notes due December 2009 on the open market at a price of $143 million in cash, exclusive of accrued interest. As a result of this repayment, we recognized a gain of $5 million in the “Other (gains) expenses, net” line of the Consolidated Statements of Operations in the third quarter. At March 31, 2009, $176 million of our 4.750% Senior Notes remains outstanding.
 
6.125% Senior Notes due December 2014:  On December 21, 2007, the Company, The Bank of New York, and the holders of a majority of the Notes reached a settlement of a lawsuit captioned The Bank of New York v. CA, Inc. et al. , filed in the Supreme Court of the State of New York, New York County and executed a First Supplemental Indenture. The First Supplemental Indenture provides, among other things, that we will pay an additional 0.50% per annum interest on the $500 million principal amount of the Notes, with such additional interest beginning to accrue as of December 1, 2007. Pursuant to the Supplemental Indenture, the Notes are now referred to as our 6.125% Senior Notes due 2014. As a result of the settlement in the third quarter of fiscal 2008, we recorded a charge of $14 million, representing the present value of the additional amounts that will be paid. This charge is included in “Other (gains) expenses, net” line item in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. In

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connection with the settlement, we also entered into an Addendum to Registration Rights Agreement, which confirms that we no longer have any obligations under the original Registration Rights Agreement entered into with respect to the Notes. The settlement became effective upon the signature of the Stipulation of Dismissal with Prejudice by a Justice of the New York Supreme Court on January 3, 2008.
 
We have the option to redeem the 2005 Senior Notes at any time, at redemption prices equal to the greater of (i) 100% of the aggregate principal amount of the notes of such series being redeemed and (ii) the present value of the principal and interest payable over the life of the 2005 Senior Notes, discounted at a rate equal to 15 basis points and 20 basis points for the 5-year notes and 10-year notes, respectively, over a comparable U.S. Treasury bond yield. The maturity of the 2005 Senior Notes may be accelerated by the holders upon certain events of default, including failure to make payments when due and failure to comply with covenants in the 2005 Senior Notes. The 5-year notes were issued at a price equal to 99.861% of the principal amount and the 10-year notes at a price equal to 99.505% of the principal amount for resale under Rule 144A and Regulation S.
 
International Line of Credit
An unsecured and uncommitted multi-currency line of credit is available to meet short-term working capital needs for our subsidiaries operating outside the United States. The line of credit is available on an offering basis, meaning that transactions under the line of credit will be on such terms and conditions, including interest rate, maturity, representations, covenants and events of default, as mutually agreed between our subsidiaries and the local bank at the time of each specific transaction. As of March 31, 2009, the amount available under this line totaled approximately $25 million and approximately $6 million was pledged in support of bank guarantees and other local credit lines. Amounts drawn under these facilities as of March 31, 2009 were nominal.
 
In addition to the above facility, we and our subsidiaries use guarantees and letters of credit issued by financial institutions to guarantee performance on certain contracts. As of March 31, 2009, none of these arrangements had been drawn down by third parties.
 
Share Repurchases
On October 29, 2008, our Board of Directors approved a stock repurchase program that authorizes us to acquire up to $250 million of our common stock. During the third quarter of fiscal 2009, we paid $4 million to repurchase approximately 0.3 million shares of our common stock at an average price of $15.84. As of March 31, 2009, we remained authorized to purchase an aggregate amount of up to $246 million of additional common shares under our current stock repurchase program.
 
Dividends
We have paid cash dividends each year since July 1990. For fiscal 2009, 2008 and 2007, we paid annual cash dividends of $0.16 per share, which have been paid out in quarterly installments of $0.04 per share as and when declared by the Board of Directors. Total cash dividends paid was $83 million, $82 million and $88 million for fiscal 2009, fiscal 2008 and fiscal 2007 respectively.
 
Effect of Exchange Rate Changes
There was a $252 million unfavorable impact to our cash balances in fiscal 2009 predominantly due to the strengthening of the U.S. dollar against the euro, British pound, Australian dollar, Brazilian real and Canadian dollar of 16%, 28%, 24%, 24% and 19%, respectively. In fiscal 2008, we had a favorable $208 million impact to our cash balances, predominantly due to the weakening of the U.S. dollar against the euro, Australian dollar and Canadian dollar of 18%, 13%, and 12%, respectively.
 
Other Matters
As of March 31, 2009, our senior unsecured notes were rated Ba1, BBB, and BB+ by Moody’s Investors Service (Moody’s), Standard and Poor’s (S&P) and Fitch Ratings (Fitch), respectively. In April 2009, Fitch upgraded our rating to BBB.
 
As of March 31, 2009, the outlook on these unsecured notes was stable by all three rating agencies. Peak borrowings under all debt facilities during fiscal 2009 totaled $2,582 million, with a weighted average interest rate of 4.47%.

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Capital resource requirements as of March 31, 2009 and 2008 consisted of lease obligations for office space, equipment, mortgage and loan obligations, our enterprise resource planning implementation, and amounts due as a result of product and company acquisitions. Refer to “Contractual Obligations and Commitments” for additional information.
 
We expect that existing cash, cash equivalents, marketable securities, the availability of borrowings under existing and renewable credit lines, and cash expected to be provided from operations will be sufficient to meet our ongoing cash requirements.
 
We expect to use existing cash balances and future cash generated from operations to fund capital spending, including our continued investment in our enterprise resource planning implementation, future acquisitions and financing activities, such as the repayment of our debt balances either before or as they mature, the payment of dividends, and the repurchase of shares of common stock in accordance with any plans approved by our Board of Directors.
 
We conduct an ongoing review of our capital structure and debt obligations as part of our risk management strategy. The fair value of our current and long term portions of debt, excluding the 2008 Revolving Credit Facility and Capital lease obligations and other, was approximately $1,130 million and $1,885 million as of March 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively. The fair value of long-term debt is based on quoted market prices. See also Note 1, “Significant Accounting Policies.”
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
Prior to fiscal 2001, we sold individual accounts receivable to a third party subject to certain recourse provisions. The outstanding principal balance subject to recourse of these receivables approximated $38 million and $81 million as of March 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively. As of March 31, 2009, we have established a liability for the fair value of the recourse provision of $2 million associated with these receivables.
 
Other than the commitments and recourse provisions described above, we do not have any other off-balance sheet arrangements with unconsolidated entities or related parties and, accordingly, off-balance sheet risks to our liquidity and capital resources from unconsolidated entities are limited.
 
Contractual Obligations and Commitments
We have commitments under certain contractual arrangements to make future payments for goods and services. These contractual arrangements secure the rights to various assets and services to be used in the future in the normal course of business. For example, we are contractually committed to make certain minimum lease payments for the use of property under operating lease agreements. In accordance with current accounting rules, the future rights and related obligations pertaining to such contractual arrangements are not reported as assets or liabilities on our Consolidated Balance Sheets. We expect to fund these contractual arrangements with cash generated from operations in the normal course of business.
 
The following table summarizes our contractual arrangements as of March 31, 2009 and the timing and effect that such commitments are expected to have on our liquidity and cash flow in future periods. In addition, the table summarizes the timing of payments on our debt obligations as reported on our Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2009.
 
                                         
          PAYMENTS DUE BY PERIOD
       
         
LESS THAN
    1–3
    3–5
    MORE THAN
 
(IN MILLIONS)   TOTAL     1 YEAR     YEARS     YEARS     5 YEARS  
Contractual Obligations
                                       
Long-term debt obligations (inclusive of interest)
  $ 2,173     $ 708     $ 112     $ 823     $ 530  
Operating lease obligations (1)
    656       119       173       119       245  
Purchase obligations
    76       57       19              
Other obligations (2)
    172       54       73       30       15  
                                         
Total
  $  3,077     $  938     $  377     $  972     $  790  
                                         
 
(1) The contractual obligations for noncurrent operating leases include sublease income totaling $42 million expected to be received in the following periods: $18 million (less than 1 year); $16 million (1–3 years); $7 million (3–5 years); and $1 million (more than 5 years).
 
(2) Includes $9 million of estimated liabilities for unrecognized tax benefits under the “less than 1 year” column for amounts that are estimated to be settled within one year of the balance sheet date. In addition, $302 million of estimated liabilities for unrecognized tax benefits are excluded from the contractual obligations table because a reasonable estimate of when such amounts will become payable could not be made.
 
As of March 31, 2009, we have no material capital lease obligations, either individually or in the aggregate.

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Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
We review our financial reporting and disclosure practices and accounting policies quarterly to help ensure that they provide accurate and transparent information relative to the current economic and business environment. Note 1, “Significant Accounting Policies” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements contains a summary of the significant accounting policies that we use. Many of these accounting policies involve complex situations and require a high degree of judgment, either in the application and interpretation of existing accounting literature or in the development of estimates that impact our financial statements. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates and judgments based on historical experience as well as other factors that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. These estimates may change in the future if underlying assumptions or factors change.
 
We consider the following significant accounting policies to be critical because of their complexity and the high degree of judgment involved in implementing them.
 
Revenue Recognition
We generate revenue from the following primary sources: (1) licensing software products; (2) providing customer technical support (referred to as maintenance); and (3) providing professional services, such as product implementation, consulting and education. Revenue is recorded net of applicable sales taxes.
 
We recognize revenue pursuant to the requirements of Statement of Position (SOP) 97-2 Software Revenue Recognition ”, issued by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, as amended by SOP 98-9 Modification of SOP 97-2, Software Revenue Recognition, With Respect to Certain Transactions .” In accordance with SOP 97-2, we begin to recognize revenue from licensing and supporting our software products when all of the following criteria are met: (1) we have evidence of an arrangement with a customer; (2) we deliver the products; (3) license agreement terms are deemed fixed or determinable and free of contingencies or uncertainties that may alter the agreement such that it may not be complete and final; and (4) collection is probable.
 
Under our subscription model, implemented in October 2000, software license agreements typically combine the right to use specified software products, the right to maintenance, and the right to receive and use unspecified future software products for no additional fee during the term of the agreement. Under these subscription licenses, once all four of the above noted revenue recognition criteria are met, we are required under generally accepted accounting principles to recognize revenue ratably over the term of the license agreement.
 
For license agreements signed prior to October 2000, once all four of the above noted revenue recognition criteria were met, software license fees were recognized as revenue generally when the software was delivered to the customer, or “up-front” (as the contracts did not include a right to unspecified future software products), and the maintenance fees were deferred and subsequently recognized as revenue over the term of the license. Under our current business model, a relatively small percentage of our revenue from software licenses is recognized on an up-front basis, subject to meeting the same revenue recognition criteria in accordance with SOP 97-2 as described above. Software fees from such licenses are recognized up-front and are reported in the “Software fees and other” line item in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. Maintenance fees from such licenses are recognized ratably over the term of the license and are reported in the “Subscription and maintenance revenue” line item in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. License agreements under which software fees are recognized up-front do not include the right to receive unspecified future software products. However, in the event such license agreements are executed within close proximity or in contemplation of other license agreements that are signed under our subscription model with the same customer, the licenses together may be deemed a single multi-element agreement, and all such revenue is required to be recognized ratably and is recorded as “Subscription and maintenance revenue” in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
 
We are unable to establish VSOE of fair value for all undelivered elements in license agreements that include software products for which maintenance pricing is based on both discounted and undiscounted license list prices and arrangements that contain rights to unspecified future software products. If VSOE of fair value of one or more undelivered elements does not exist, license revenue is deferred and recognized upon delivery of those elements or when VSOE of fair value can be established. When the license includes the right to receive unspecified future software products, license revenue is recognized ratably over the term on the arrangement as VSOE does not exist for the future unspecified software products.

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Since we implemented our subscription model in October 2000, our practice with respect to newly acquired products with established VSOE of fair value has been to record revenue initially on the acquired company’s systems, generally under an up-front model; and, starting within the first fiscal year after the acquisition, to enter new licenses for such products under our subscription model, following which revenue is recognized ratably and recorded as “Subscription and maintenance revenue.” In some instances, we sell some newly developed and recently acquired products without the right to receive unspecified future software products. Revenue from these agreements is generally recorded on an up-front model, to the extent that we are able to establish VSOE of fair value for all undelivered elements and such license agreements are not deemed to have been linked with other contracts executed within a short time frame with the same customer or in contemplation of other license agreements with the same customer for which the right exists to receive unspecified future software products. The software license fees from these contracts are recorded on an up-front basis as “Software fees and other.” Selling such licenses under an up-front model will result in higher total revenue in a reporting period than if such licenses were based on our subscription model and the associated revenue recognized ratably.
 
Maintenance revenue is derived from two primary sources: (1) the maintenance portion of combined license and maintenance agreements; and (2) stand-alone maintenance agreements. Maintenance revenue is reported on the “Subscription and maintenance revenue” line item in the Consolidated Statements of Operations over the term of the renewal agreement.
 
Revenue from professional service arrangements is generally recognized as the services are performed. Revenue from committed professional services that are sold as part of a software transaction is deferred and recognized on a ratable basis over the life of the related software transaction. If it is not probable that a project will be completed or the payment will be received, revenue is deferred until the uncertainty is removed.
 
Revenue from sales to distributors, resellers, and value added resellers commences when all four of the SOP 97-2 revenue recognition criteria noted above are met and when these entities sell the software product to their customers. This is commonly referred to as the sell-through method. Revenue from the sale of products to distributors, resellers and value added resellers that incorporates the right for the end-users to receive certain unspecified future software products is recognized on a ratable basis.
 
We have an established business practice of offering installment payment options to customers and have a history of successfully collecting substantially all amounts due under such agreements. We assess collectability based on a number of factors, including past transaction history with the customer and the creditworthiness of the customer. If, in our judgment, collection of a fee is not probable, we will not recognize revenue until the uncertainty is removed through the receipt of cash payment.
 
Our standard licensing agreements include a product warranty provision for all products. Such warranties are accounted for in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 5, “ Accounting for Contingencies .” The likelihood that we will be required to make refunds to customers under such provisions is considered remote.
 
Under the terms of substantially all of our license agreements, we have agreed to indemnify customers for costs and damages arising from claims against such customers based on, among other things, allegations that our software products infringe the intellectual property rights of a third-party. In most cases, in the event of an infringement claim, we retain the right to (i) procure for the customer the right to continue using the software product; (ii) replace or modify the software product to eliminate the infringement while providing substantially equivalent functionality; or (iii) if neither (i) nor (ii) can be reasonably achieved, we may terminate the license agreement and refund to the customer a pro-rata portion of the fees paid. Such indemnification provisions are accounted for in accordance with SFAS No. 5. The likelihood that we will be required to make refunds to customers under such provisions is considered remote. In most cases and where legally enforceable, the indemnification is limited to the amount paid by the customer.
 
Accounts Receivable
The allowance for doubtful accounts is a valuation account used to reserve for the potential impairment of accounts receivable on the balance sheet. In developing the estimate for the allowance for doubtful accounts, we rely on several factors, including:
 
    Historical information, such as general collection history of multi-year software agreements;

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    Current customer information and events, such as extended delinquency, requests for restructuring, and filings for bankruptcy;
 
    Results of analyzing historical and current data; and
 
    The overall macroeconomic environment.
 
The allowance is composed of two components: (a) specifically identified receivables that are reviewed for impairment when, based on current information, we do not expect to collect the full amount due from the customer; and (b) an allowance for losses inherent in the remaining receivable portfolio-based historical activity.
 
Income Taxes
SFAS No. 109, “ Accounting for Income Taxes, ” requires us to estimate our actual current tax liability in each jurisdiction; estimate differences resulting from differing treatment of items for financial statement purposes versus tax return purposes (known as “temporary differences”), resulting in deferred tax assets and liabilities; and assess the likelihood that our deferred tax assets will be recovered from future taxable income. If we believe that recovery is not likely, we establish a valuation allowance.
 
Deferred tax assets result from acquisition expenses, such as duplicate facility costs, employee severance and other costs that are not deductible until paid, net operating losses (NOLs) and temporary differences between the taxable cash payments received from customers and the ratable recognition of revenue in accordance with GAAP. The NOLs will expire as follows: $457 million between 2009 and 2028 and $151 million may be carried forward indefinitely.
 
As of March 31, 2009, our gross deferred tax assets, net of a valuation allowance, totaled $837 million. The factors that we consider in assessing the likelihood of realization of these deferred tax assets include the forecast of future taxable income and available tax planning strategies that could be implemented to realize the deferred tax assets.
 
When we prepare our consolidated financial statements, we estimate our income taxes in each jurisdiction in which we operate. On April 1, 2007, we adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board Interpretation No. 48, “ Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes — an interpretation of FASB Statement No. 109” (FIN 48). Among other things, FIN 48 prescribes a “more-likely-than-not” threshold for the recognition and derecognition of tax positions.
 
Goodwill, Capitalized Software Products, and Other Intangible Assets
SFAS No. 142, “ Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets ” (SFAS No. 142), requires an impairment-only approach to accounting for goodwill and other intangibles with an indefinite life. Absent any prior indicators of impairment, we perform an annual impairment analysis during the fourth quarter of our fiscal year.
 
The SFAS No. 142 goodwill impairment model is a two-step process. The first step is used to identify potential impairment by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its net book value (or carrying amount), including goodwill. If the fair value exceeds the carrying amount, goodwill of the reporting unit is considered not impaired and the second step of the impairment test is unnecessary. If the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, the second step of the goodwill impairment test is performed to measure the amount of impairment loss, if any. The second step of the goodwill impairment test compares the implied fair value of the reporting unit’s goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill. If the carrying amount of the reporting unit’s goodwill exceeds the implied fair value of that goodwill, an impairment loss is recognized in an amount equal to that excess. The implied fair value of goodwill is determined in the same manner as the amount of goodwill recognized in a business combination; that is, the fair value of the reporting unit is allocated to all of the assets and liabilities of that unit (including any unrecognized intangible assets) as if the reporting unit had been acquired in a business combination and the fair value of the reporting unit was the purchase price paid to acquire the reporting unit.
 
The fair value of a reporting unit under the first step of the goodwill impairment test is measured using the quoted market price method. Determining the fair value of individual assets and liabilities of a reporting unit (including unrecognized intangible assets) under the second step of the goodwill impairment test is judgmental in nature and often involves the use of significant estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions could have a significant impact on whether an impairment charge is recognized and the magnitude of any such charge. These estimates are subject to review and approval by senior management. This approach uses significant assumptions, including projected future cash flow, the discount rate reflecting the risk inherent in future cash flow, and a terminal growth rate. We performed our annual assessment of goodwill during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2009 and concluded that no impairment charge was required.

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The carrying values of capitalized software products, for both purchased software and internally developed software, and other intangible assets, are reviewed on a regular basis to ensure that any excess of the carrying value over the net realizable value is written off. The facts and circumstances considered include an assessment of the net realizable value for capitalized software products and the future recoverability of cost for other intangible assets as of the balance sheet date. It is not possible for us to predict the likelihood of any possible future impairments or, if such an impairment were to occur, the magnitude thereof.
 
Intangible assets with finite useful lives are subject to amortization over the expected period of economic benefit to us. We evaluate the remaining useful lives of intangible assets to determine whether events or circumstances have occurred that warrant a revision to the remaining period of amortization. In cases where a revision to the remaining period of amortization is deemed appropriate, the remaining carrying amounts of the intangible assets are amortized over the revised remaining useful life.
 
Accounting for Business Combinations
The allocation of the purchase price for acquisitions requires extensive use of accounting estimates and judgments to allocate the purchase price to the identifiable tangible and intangible assets acquired, including in-process research and development, and liabilities assumed based on their respective fair values.
 
Product Development and Enhancements
We account for product development and enhancements in accordance with SFAS No. 86, “ Accounting for the Costs of Computer Software to be Sold, Leased, or Otherwise Marketed ” (SFAS No. 86). SFAS No. 86 specifies that costs incurred internally in researching and developing a computer software product should be charged to expense until technological feasibility has been established for the product. Once technological feasibility is established, all software costs are capitalized until the product is available for general release to customers. Judgment is required in determining when technological feasibility of a product is established and assumptions are used that reflect our best estimates. If other assumptions had been used in the current period to estimate technological feasibility, the reported product development and enhancement expense could have been affected. Annual amortization of capitalized software costs is the greater of the amount computed using the ratio that current gross revenues for a product bear to the total of current and anticipated future gross revenues for that product or the straight-line method over the remaining estimated economic life of the software product, generally estimated to be five years from the date the product became available for general release to customers. We amortized capitalized software costs using the straight-line method in fiscal 2009 and fiscal 2008, as anticipated future revenue is projected to increase for several years considering that we are continuously integrating current software technology into new software products.
 
Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation
We currently maintain several stock-based compensation plans. We use the Black-Scholes option-pricing model to compute the estimated fair value of certain stock-based awards. The Black-Scholes model includes assumptions regarding dividend yields, expected volatility, expected lives, and risk-free interest rates. These assumptions reflect our best estimates, but these items involve uncertainties based on market and other conditions outside of our control. As a result, if other assumptions had been used, stock-based compensation expense could have been materially affected. Furthermore, if different assumptions are used in future periods, stock-based compensation expense could be materially affected in future years.
 
As described in Note 10, “Stock Plans,” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements, performance share units (PSUs) are awards under the long-term incentive programs for senior executives where the number of shares or restricted shares, as applicable, ultimately received by the employee depends on Company performance measured against specified targets and will be determined after a three-year or one-year period as applicable. The fair value of each award is estimated on the date that the performance targets are established based on the fair value of our stock and our estimate of the level of achievement of our performance targets. We are required to recalculate the fair value of issued PSUs each reporting period until the underlying shares are granted. The adjustment is based on the quoted market price of our stock on the reporting period date. Each quarter, we compare the actual performance we expect to achieve with the performance targets.
 
Legal Contingencies
We are currently involved in various legal proceedings and claims. Periodically, we review the status of each significant matter and assess our potential financial exposure. If the potential loss from any legal proceeding or claim is considered probable and

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the amount can be reasonably estimated, we accrue a liability for the estimated loss. Significant judgment is required in both the determination of the probability of a loss and the determination as to whether the amount of loss is reasonably estimable. Due to the uncertainties related to these matters, the decision to record an accrual and the amount of accruals recorded are based only on the best information available at the time. As additional information becomes available, we reassess the potential liability related to our pending litigation and claims, and may revise our estimates. Such revisions could have a material impact on our results of operations and financial condition. Refer to Note 8, “Commitments and Contingencies,” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for a description of our material legal proceedings.
 
New Accounting Pronouncements
In May 2008, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Financial Staff Position (FSP) No. APB 14-1, Accounting for Convertible Debt Instruments That May Be Settled in Cash upon Conversion (Including Partial Cash Settlement).” FSP No. APB 14-1 requires the issuer of convertible debt instruments with cash settlement features to account separately for the liability and equity components of the instrument. The debt will be recognized at the present value of its cash flows discounted using the issuer’s nonconvertible debt borrowing rate at the time of issuance. The equity component will be recognized as the difference between the proceeds from the issuance of the convertible debt instrument and the fair value of the liability. FSP No. APB 14-1 will also require an accretion of the resulting debt discount over the expected life of the debt. The proposed transition guidance requires retrospective application to all periods presented, and does not grandfather existing instruments. FSP No. APB 14-1 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008. We plan to adopt FSP No. APB 14-1 on April 1, 2009.
 
Upon adoption of FSP No. APB 14-1, we will be required to revise prior period financial statements. Total stockholders’ equity will increase by $11 million as of March 31, 2009. Our reported net income will decrease by $15 million, $14 million and $13 million for fiscal 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively. Our basic net income per share will decrease by $0.03, $0.02 and $0.02 for fiscal 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively. Our diluted net income per share will decrease by $0.02 for fiscal 2007. Fiscal 2009 and 2008 diluted net income per share would not be affected.
 
In June 2008, the FASB issued Emerging Issues Task Force (EITF) 03-6-1, Determining Whether Instruments Granted in Share-Based Payment Transactions are Participating Securities .” FSP EITF No. 03-6-1 clarifies that unvested share-based payment awards that contain nonforfeitable rights to dividends or dividend equivalents (whether paid or unpaid) are participating securities and are to be included in the computation of earnings per share under the two-class method described in SFAS No. 128, “ Earnings Per Share .” FSP EITF No. 03-6-1 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008 and requires all presented prior-period earnings per share data to be adjusted retrospectively. FSP EITF No. 03-6-1 will not have a material impact on our Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.
 
Interest Rate Risk
Our exposure to market rate risk for changes in interest rates relates primarily to our investment portfolio, debt, and installment accounts receivable. We have a prescribed methodology whereby we invest our excess cash in liquid investments that are composed of money market funds and debt instruments of government agencies and high-quality corporate issuers (S&P single “A” rating and higher). To mitigate risk, all of the securities have a maturity date within one year, and holdings of any one issuer do not exceed 10% of the portfolio.
 
As of March 31, 2009, our outstanding debt was $1,937 million, most of which was in fixed rate obligations. Each 25 basis point increase or decrease in interest rates would have a corresponding effect on our variable rate debt of less than $1 million as of March 31, 2009. If market rates were to decline, we could be required to make payments on the fixed rate debt that would exceed those based on current market rates.
 
During fiscal 2009, we entered into interest rate swaps with a total notional value of $250 million to hedge a portion of our variable interest rate payments. These derivatives are designated as cash flow hedges under SFAS No. 133. The effective portion of these cash flow hedges are recorded as “Accumulated other comprehensive loss” in our Consolidated Balance Sheet and reclassified into “Interest expense, net,” in our Consolidated Statements of Operations in the same period during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. Any ineffective portion of the cash flow hedges would be recorded immediately to “Interest expense, net;” however, no ineffectiveness existed at March 31, 2009. Refer to Note 4, “Derivatives and Fair Value Measurements,” for additional information regarding our derivative activities.

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We offer financing arrangements with installment payment terms in connection with our software license agreements. The aggregate amounts due from customers include an imputed interest element, which can vary with the interest rate environment. Each 25 basis point increase in interest rates would currently have an associated annual opportunity cost of $10 million.
 
Foreign Currency Exchange Risk
We conduct business on a worldwide basis through subsidiaries in 46 countries and, as such, a portion of our revenues, earnings, and net investments in foreign affiliates is exposed to changes in foreign exchange rates. We seek to manage our foreign exchange risk in part through operational means, including managing expected local currency revenues in relation to local currency costs and local currency assets in relation to local currency liabilities. In October 2005, the Board of Directors adopted our Risk Management Policy and Procedures, which authorizes us to manage, based on management’s assessment, our risks and exposures to foreign currency exchange rates through the use of derivative financial instruments (e.g., forward contracts, options, swaps) or other means. We only use derivative financial instruments in the context of hedging and do not use them for speculative purposes.
 
Derivatives are accounted for in accordance with SFAS No. 133, “Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities” (SFAS No. 133). During fiscal 2009 and 2008, we did not designate our foreign exchange derivatives as hedges under SFAS No. 133. Accordingly, all foreign exchange derivatives are recognized on the balance sheet at fair value and unrealized or realized changes in fair value from these contracts are recorded as “Other (gains) expenses, net” in our Consolidated Statements of Operations. Refer to Note 4, “Derivatives and Fair Value Measurements,” for additional information regarding our derivative activities.
 
ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA.
 
Our Consolidated Financial Statements are listed in the List of Consolidated Financial Statements and Financial Statement Schedules filed as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and are incorporated herein by reference.
 
The Supplementary Data specified by Item 302 of Regulation S-K as it relates to selected quarterly data is included in the “Selected Quarterly Information” section of Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” Information on the effects of changing prices is not required.
 
ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE.
 
Not applicable.
 
ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES.
 
(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, the Company has evaluated the effectiveness of its disclosure controls and procedures as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) or 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (Exchange Act). Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that these disclosure controls and procedures are effective as of the end of the period covered by this report.
 
(b) Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
The Company’s management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f). The Company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.
 
The Company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the Company

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are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the Company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on the Company’s financial statements.
 
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
 
Management conducted its evaluation of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2009 based on the framework in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Management’s assessment included an evaluation of the design of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting and testing the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Based on that evaluation, the Company’s management concluded that the Company’s internal control over financial reporting was effective as of March 31, 2009.
 
(c) Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There were no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act, that occurred during the most recently completed fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
 
As previously disclosed in Item 9A of our 2008 Form 10-K, the Company began the migration of certain financial and sales processing systems to an enterprise resource planning (ERP) system in fiscal 2007 as part of its on-going project to implement ERP at the Company’s facilities worldwide. In addition, during the first quarter of fiscal 2009, the Company implemented a new financial reporting and consolidation software package designed to provide additional financial reporting functionality and to improve overall control and efficiency associated with the financial reporting process. Additional changes are planned for fiscal 2010 and the Company will continue to monitor and test these systems as part of management’s annual evaluation of internal control over financial reporting.
 
The Company’s independent registered public accountants, KPMG LLP, have audited the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as stated in their report which appears on page 55 of this Form 10-K.
 
Item 9B. Other Information.
 
Not applicable

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PART III
 
ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE.
 
Information required by this Item that will appear under the headings “Election of Directors,” “Litigation Involving Directors and Executive Officers,” “Nominating Procedures,” “Board Committees and Meetings,” “Communications with Directors” and “Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance” in the definitive proxy statement to be filed with the SEC relating to our 2009 Annual Meeting of Stockholders is incorporated herein by reference. Also, refer to Part I, Item 4, “Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders” of this Report for information concerning executive officers under the heading “Executive Officers of the Registrant.”
 
We maintain a “code of ethics” (within the meaning of Item 406 of the SEC’s Regulation S-K) entitled “CA Code of Conduct: Information and Resource Guide” (Code of Conduct). Our Code of Conduct is applicable to all employees and directors, including our principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer or controller, or persons performing similar functions. Our Code of Conduct is available on our website at ca.com/investor. Any amendment or waiver to the “code of ethics” provisions of our Code of Conduct that applies to our directors or executive officers will be included in a report filed with the SEC on Form 8-K or will be otherwise disclosed to the extent required and as permitted by law or regulation. The Code of Conduct is available without charge in print to any stockholder who requests a copy by writing to our Corporate Secretary, at CA, Inc., One CA Plaza, Islandia, New York 11749.
 
ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION.
 
Information required by this Item that will appear under the headings “Compensation and Other Information Concerning Executive Officers,” “Compensation Discussion and Analysis,” “Compensation of Directors,” and “Compensation and Human Resources Committee Report on Executive Compensation” in the definitive proxy statement to be filed with the SEC relating to our 2009 Annual Meeting of Stockholders is incorporated herein by reference.
 
ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS.
 
Information required by this Item that will appear under the headings “Compensation and Other Information Concerning Executive Officers” and “Information Regarding Beneficial Ownership of Principal Stockholders, the Board and Management” in the definitive proxy statement to be filed with the SEC relating to our 2009 Annual Meeting of Stockholders is incorporated herein by reference.
 
ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE.
 
Information required by this Item that will appear under the headings “Related Person Transactions,” “Election of Directors,” “Board Committees and Meetings,” and “Corporate Governance” in the definitive proxy statement to be filed with the SEC relating to our 2009 Annual Meeting of Stockholders is incorporated herein by reference.
 
ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES.
 
Information required by this Item that will appear under the headings “Ratification of Appointment of Independent Registered Public Accountants” and “Audit Committee Report” in the definitive proxy statement to be filed with the SEC relating to our 2009 Annual Meeting of Stockholders is incorporated herein by reference.

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Part IV
 
ITEM 15. EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES.
 
(a)   (1)       The Registrant’s financial statements together with a separate table of contents are annexed hereto.
(2)       Financial Statement Schedules are listed in the separate table of contents annexed hereto.
(3)       Exhibits.
 
             
Regulation S-K
       
Exhibit Number        
 
  2 .1   Announcement of Restructuring Plan.   Previously filed as Exhibit 99.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated August 14, 2006, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  2 .2   Announcement of Increase in Restructuring Plan.   Previously filed as Item 2.05 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated March 31, 2008, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  2 .3   Announcement of Increase in Restructuring Plan.   Previously filed as Item 2.05 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated March 31, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  3 .1   Restated Certificate of Incorporation.   Previously filed as Exhibit 3.3 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated March 6, 2006, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  3 .2   By-Laws of the Company, as amended.   Previously filed as Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated February 23, 2007, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  4 .1   Restated Certificate of Designation of Series One Junior Participating Preferred Stock, Class A of the Company.   Previously filed as Exhibit 3.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated March 6, 2006, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  4 .2   Stockholder Protection Rights Agreement, dated as of October 16, 2006, between the Company and Mellon Investor Services LLC, as Rights Agent, including as Exhibit A the forms of Rights Certificate and of Election to Exercise and as Exhibit B the form of Certificate of Designation and Terms of the Participating Preferred Stock of the Company.   Previously filed as Exhibit 4.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated October 16, 2006, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  4 .3   Indenture with respect to the Company’s $1.75 billion Senior Notes, dated April 24, 1998, between the Company and The Chase Manhattan Bank, as Trustee.   Previously filed as Exhibit 4(f) to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal 1998, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  4 .4   Indenture with respect to the Company’s 1.625% Convertible Senior Notes due 2009, dated December 11, 2002, between the Company and State Street Bank and Trust Company, as Trustee.   Previously filed as Exhibit 4.1 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for fiscal quarter ended December 31, 2002, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  4 .5   Indenture with respect to the Company’s 4.75% Senior Notes due 2009 and 5.625% Senior Notes due 2014, dated November 18, 2004, between the Company and The Bank of New York, as Trustee.   Previously filed as Exhibit 4.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated November 15, 2004, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  4 .6   Purchase Agreement dated November 15, 2004, among the Initial Purchasers of the 4.75% Senior Notes due 2009 and 5.625% Senior Notes due 2014, and the Company.   Previously filed as Exhibit 4.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated November 15, 2004, and incorporated herein by reference.

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Regulation S-K
       
Exhibit Number        
 
             
  4 .7   First Supplemental Indenture, dated as of November 30, 2007, to the Indenture, dated as of November 18, 2004, between CA, Inc. and The Bank of New York, as trustee.   Previously filed as Exhibit 4.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated January 3, 2008, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .1*   CA, Inc. 1991 Stock Incentive Plan, as amended.   Previously filed as Exhibit 1 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for fiscal quarter ended September 30, 1997, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .2*   1993 Stock Option Plan for Non-Employee Directors.   Previously filed as Annex 1 to the Company’s definitive Proxy Statement dated July 7, 1993, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .3*   Amendment No. 1 to the 1993 Stock Option Plan for Non-Employee Directors dated October 20, 1993.   Previously filed as Exhibit E to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal 1994, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .4*   1996 Deferred Stock Plan for Non-Employee Directors.   Previously filed as Exhibit A to the Company’s Proxy Statement dated July 8, 1996, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .5*   Amendment No. 1 to the 1996 Deferred Stock Plan for Non-Employee Directors.   Previously filed on Exhibit A to the Company’s Proxy Statement dated July 6, 1998, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .6*   1998 Incentive Award Plan.   Previously filed on Exhibit B to the Company’s Proxy Statement dated July 6, 1998, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .7*   CA, Inc. Year 2000 Employee Stock Purchase Plan.   Previously filed on Exhibit A to the Company’s Proxy Statement dated July 12, 1999, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .8*   2001 Stock Option Plan.   Previously filed as Exhibit B to the Company’s Proxy Statement dated July 18, 2001, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .9*   CA, Inc. 2002 Incentive Plan (Amended and Restated Effective as of April 27, 2007).   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.9 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year 2007, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .10*   CA, Inc. 2002 Compensation Plan for Non-Employee Directors.   Previously filed as Exhibit C to the Company’s Proxy Statement dated July 26, 2002, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .11*   CA, Inc. 2003 Compensation Plan for Non-Employee Directors.   Previously filed as Exhibit A to the Company’s Proxy Statement dated July 17, 2003, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .12*   Relocation Polices including Form of Moving and Relocation Expense Agreement.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated February 1, 2005, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .13*   Restricted Stock Unit Agreement for John A. Swainson.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.5 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated November 18, 2004, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .14*   Form of Moving and Relocation Expense Agreement.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.6 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated November 18, 2004, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .15*   CA, Inc. Change in Control Severance Policy.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.22 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal 2006, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .16   Deferred Prosecution Agreement, including the related Information and Stipulation of Facts.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated September 22, 2004, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .17   Final Consent Judgment of Permanent Injunction and Other Relief, including SEC complaint.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated September 22, 2004, and incorporated herein by reference.

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Regulation S-K
       
Exhibit Number        
 
             
  10 .18*   Form of Restricted Stock Unit Certificate.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10- Q for fiscal quarter ended December 31, 2004, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .19*   Form of Non-Qualified Stock Option Certificate.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10- Q for fiscal quarter ended December 31, 2004, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .20*   Form of RSU Award Certificate.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated June 2, 2006, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .21*   Form of RSU Award Certificate (Employment Agreement).   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated June 2, 2006, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .22*   Form of Restricted Stock Award Certificate.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.3 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated June 2, 2006, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .23*   Form of Restricted Stock Award Certificate (Employment Agreement).   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated June 2, 2006, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .24*   Form of Non-Qualified Stock Option Award Certificate.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.5 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated June 2, 2006, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .25*   Form of Non-Qualified Stock Option Award Certificate (Employment Agreement).   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.6 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated June 2, 2006, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .26*   Form of Incentive Stock Option Award Certificate.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.7 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated June 2, 2006, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .27*   Form of Incentive Stock Option Award Certificate (Employment Agreement).   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.8 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated June 2, 2006, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .28*   CA, Inc. Deferred Compensation Plan for John A. Swainson, dated April 29, 2005.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated April 29, 2005, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .29   Trust Agreement between Computer Associates International, Inc. and Fidelity Management Trust Company, dated as of April 29, 2005.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated April 29, 2005, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .30*   1995 Key Employee Stock Ownership Plan, as amended on June 26, 2000 and February 25, 2003.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.7 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal 2003, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .31*   Program whereby certain designated employees, including the Company’s named executive officers, are provided with certain covered medical services, effective August 1, 2005.   Previously filed as Item 1.01 and Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated August 1, 2005, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .32*   Amended and Restated CA, Inc. Executive Deferred Compensation Plan, effective November 20, 2006.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for fiscal quarter ended December 31, 2006, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .33*   Form of Deferral Election.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.52 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year 2006, and incorporated herein by reference.

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Regulation S-K
       
Exhibit Number        
 
             
  10 .34*   Modified compensation arrangements for the non-employee directors of the Company, effective August 24, 2005.   Previously filed as Item 1.01 of the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated August 24, 2005, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .35*   Modified compensation arrangements for the non-executive Chairman of the Board, effective February 23, 2007.   Previously filed as Item 1.01 of the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated February 23, 2007, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .36*   Amendment to the CA, Inc. 2003 Compensation Plan for Non-Employee Directors, dated August 24, 2005.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated August 24, 2005, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .37*   Employment Agreement, dated as of June 28, 2006, between the Company and James Bryant.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated June 26, 2006, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .38*   Employment Agreement, dated as of August 1, 2006, between CA, Inc. and Nancy Cooper.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated July 27, 2006, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .39*   Employment Agreement, dated as of August 22, 2006, between CA, Inc. and Amy Fliegelman Olli.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.6 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2006, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .40*   Acknowledgement between CA, Inc. and Amy Fliegelman Olli.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.59 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal 2007, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .41*   Lease, dated as of August 15, 2006, among CA, Inc., Island Headquarters Operators LLC and Islandia Operators LLC.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated August 15, 2006, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .42*   CA, Inc. 2007 Incentive Plan.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated August 21, 2007, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .43*   Form of Award Agreement — Restricted Stock Units.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated August 21, 2007, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .44*   Form of Award Agreement — Restricted Stock Awards.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.3 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated August 21, 2007, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .45*   Form of Award Agreement — Nonqualified Stock Awards.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated August 21, 2007, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .46*   Form of Award Agreement — Incentive Stock Options.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.5 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated August 21, 2007, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .47   Credit Agreement dated August 29, 2007.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated August 29, 2007, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .48   Settlement Agreement, dated as of December 21, 2007, between CA, Inc. and the Bank of New York, as trustee, Linden Capital L.P. and Swiss Re Financial Products Corporation.   Previously filed as Exhibit 99.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated January 3, 2008, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .49   Addendum to Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of November 30, 2007, relating to $500,000,000 5.625% Senior Notes Due 2014.   Previously filed as Exhibit 99.3 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated January 3, 2008, and incorporated herein by reference.

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Regulation S-K
       
Exhibit Number        
 
             
  10 .50*   Summary of Special Payment to non- executive Chairman of the Board.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended December 31, 2007, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .51*   Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, dated as of February 29, 2008 to Employment Agreement between the Company and John A. Swainson.   Previously filed as Exhibit 99.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated February 26, 2008, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .52*   Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, dated as of February 29, 2008 to Employment Agreement between the Company and Michael Christenson.   Previously filed as Exhibit 99.3 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated February 26, 2008, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .53*   First Amendment to CA, Inc. Executive Deferred Compensation Plan, effective February 25, 2008.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.68 to the Company Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Fiscal Year ended March 31, 2008, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .54*   First Amendment to Adoption Agreement for CA, Inc. Executive Deferred Compensation Plan, effective February 25, 2008.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.69 to the Company Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Fiscal Year ended March 31, 2008, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .55*   CA, Inc. Change in Control Severance Policy.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2008, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .56*   First Amendment to CA, Inc. 2003 Compensatory Plan for Non-Employee Directors.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended December 31, 2008, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .57*   Amendment to Employment Agreement, dated December 8, 2008, between the Company and John Swainson.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended December 31, 2008, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .58*   Amendment to Employment Agreement, dated December 29, 2008, between the Company and Michael Christenson.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.3 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended December 31, 2008, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .59*   Amendment to Employment Agreement, dated December 12, 2008, between the Company and Nancy Cooper.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended December 31, 2008, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .60*   Amendment to Employment Agreement, dated December 18, 2008, between the Company and Amy Fliegelman Olli.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.5 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended December 31, 2008, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .61*   Amendment to Employment Agreement, dated December 29, 2008, between the Company and James Bryant.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.6 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended December 31, 2008, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .62*   Letter dated July 21, 2006 from the Company to Ajei S. Gopal regarding terms of employment.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.7 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended December 31, 2008, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  10 .63*   Amendment dated December 12, 2008 to letter dated July 21, 2006 from the Company to Ajei S. Gopal regarding terms of employment.   Previously filed as Exhibit 10.8 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended December 31, 2008, and incorporated herein by reference.
             
  12 .1   Statement of Ratios of Earnings to Fixed Charges.   Filed herewith.
             
  21     Subsidiaries of the Registrant.   Filed herewith.
             
  23     Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm.   Filed herewith.

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Regulation S-K
       
Exhibit Number        
 
             
  31 .1   Certification of the CEO pursuant to §302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.   Filed herewith.
             
  31 .2   Certification of the CFO pursuant to §302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.   Filed herewith.
             
  32     Certification pursuant to §906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.   Filed herewith.
 
* Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement

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Signatures
 
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
     
    CA, INC.
By:  
/s/   JOHN A. SWAINSON

John A. Swainson
Chief Executive Officer
 
Dated: May 15, 2009
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated:
 
     
   
By:  
/s/   NANCY E. COOPER

Nancy E. Cooper
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
     
     
   
By:  
/s/   RICHARD J. BECKERT

Richard J. Beckert
Corporate Senior Vice President and
Corporate Controller (Principal Accounting Officer)
 
Dated: May 15, 2009

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Signatures
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated:
 
 
     
/s/  Raymond J. Bromark

Raymond J. Bromark
  Director
     
/s/  Gary J. Fernandes

Gary J. Fernandes
  Director
     
/s/  Kay Koplovitz

Kay Koplovitz
  Director
     
/s/  Robert E. La Blanc

Robert E. La Blanc
  Director
     
/s/  Christopher B. Lofgren

Christopher B. Lofgren
  Director
     
/s/  William E. McCracken

William E. McCracken
  Non-Executive Chairman of the Board and Director
     
/s/  John A. Swainson

John A. Swainson
  Chief Executive Officer and Director
     
/s/  Laura S. Unger

Laura S. Unger
  Director
     
/s/  Arthur F. Weinbach

Arthur F. Weinbach
  Director
     
/s/  Renato Zambonini

Renato Zambonini
  Director
 
Dated: May 15, 2009

53


 

CA, Inc. and Subsidiaries
 
Islandia, New York
 
 
ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
ITEM 8, ITEM 9A, ITEM 15(a)(1) AND (2), AND ITEM 15(c)
 
 
LIST OF CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULE
 
 
CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND
FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULE
 
 
YEAR ENDED MARCH 31, 2009
 
 
         
    PAGE
   
 
The following Consolidated Financial Statements of CA, Inc.
and subsidiaries are included in Items 8 and 9A:
       
       
    55  
       
    57  
       
    58  
       
    60  
       
    62  
       
    64  
       
         
       
         
The following Consolidated Financial Statement Schedule of CA, Inc.
and subsidiaries is included in Item 15(c):
       
       
    98  
 
All other schedules for which provision is made in the applicable accounting regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission are not required under the related instructions or are inapplicable, and therefore have been omitted.

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 
The Board of Directors and Stockholders
CA, Inc.:
 
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of CA, Inc. and subsidiaries as of March 31, 2009 and 2008, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the fiscal years in the three-year period ended March 31, 2009. In connection with our audits of the consolidated financial statements, we also have audited the consolidated financial statement schedule listed in Item 15(c). We also have audited CA, Inc.’s internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2009, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). CA, Inc.’s management is responsible for these consolidated financial statements and the consolidated financial statement schedule, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting under Item 9A(b). Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements and the consolidated financial statement schedule, and an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audits.
 
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audits of the consolidated financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.
 
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
 
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
 
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of CA, Inc. and subsidiaries as of March 31, 2009 and 2008, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the fiscal years in the three-year period ended March 31, 2009, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Also, in our opinion, the related consolidated financial statement schedule, when considered in relation to the basic consolidated financial statements taken as a whole, presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein.

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Also, in our opinion, CA, Inc. maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2009, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by COSO.
 
Effective April 1, 2007, the Company adopted the provisions of Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Interpretation No. 48, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes — an interpretation of FASB Statement No. 109 , which clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in an enterprise’s financial statements.
 
/s/ KPMG LLP
 
New York, New York
May 15, 2009

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CA, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Operations
 
                         
    YEAR ENDED MARCH 31,  
(IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS)   2009     2008     2007  
 
Revenue:
                       
Subscription and maintenance revenue
  $  3,772     $  3,762     $  3,458  
Professional services
    358       383       351  
Software fees and other
    141       132       134  
                         
Total Revenue
    4,271       4,277       3,943  
                         
                         
Expenses:
                       
Costs of licensing and maintenance
    298       272       250  
Cost of professional services
    307       368       333  
Amortization of capitalized software costs
    125       117       354  
Selling and marketing
    1,214       1,327       1,340  
General and administrative
    464       530       549  
Product development and enhancements
    486       526       557  
Depreciation and amortization of other intangible assets
    149       156       148  
Other (gains) expenses, net
    (1 )     6       (13 )
Restructuring and other
    102       121       201  
Charge for in-process research and development costs
                10  
                         
Total Expenses before Interest and Income Taxes
    3,144       3,423       3,729  
                         
Income from continuing operations before interest and income taxes
    1,127       854       214  
Interest expense, net
    25       46       60  
                         
Income from continuing operations before income taxes
    1,102       808       154  
Income tax expense
    408       308       33  
                         
                         
Income from Continuing Operations
    694       500       121  
Loss from discontinued operations, inclusive of realized losses on sale, net of income taxes
                (3 )
                         
Net Income
  $ 694     $ 500     $ 118  
                         
                         
Basic Income Per Share
                       
Income from continuing operations
  $ 1.35     $ 0.97     $ 0.22  
Loss from discontinued operations
                 
                         
Net income
  $ 1.35     $ 0.97     $ 0.22  
                         
Basic weighted average shares used in computation
    513       514       544  
                         
Diluted Income Per Share
                       
Income from continuing operations
  $ 1.29     $ 0.93     $ 0.22  
Loss from discontinued operations
                 
                         
Net income
  $ 1.29     $ 0.93     $ 0.22  
                         
Diluted weighted average shares used in computation
    540       541       569  
 
See accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

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CA, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
                 
    MARCH 31,  
(DOLLARS IN MILLIONS)   2009     2008  
 
Assets
               
Current Assets
               
Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities
  $ 2,713     $ 2,796  
Trade and installment accounts receivable, net
    839       970  
Deferred income taxes — current
    524       623  
Other current assets
    104       79  
                 
Total Current Assets
    4,180       4,468  
                 
Installment accounts receivable, due after one year, net
    128       234  
                 
Property and Equipment
               
Land and buildings
    199       256  
Equipment, furniture and improvements
    1,258       1,236  
                 
      1,457       1,492  
Accumulated depreciation and amortization
    (1,015 )     (996 )
                 
Total Property and Equipment, net
    442       496  
                 
Purchased software products, net of accumulated amortization of $4,712 and $4,662, respectively
    155       171  
Goodwill
    5,364       5,351  
Deferred income taxes — noncurrent
    268       293  
Other noncurrent assets, net
    715       743  
                 
Total Assets
  $  11,252     $  11,756  
                 
 
See accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

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CA, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets (Continued)
 
                 
    MARCH 31,  
(DOLLARS IN MILLIONS)   2009     2008  
 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
               
Current Liabilities
               
Current portion of long-term debt and loans payable
  $ 650     $ 361  
Accounts payable
    120       152  
Accrued salaries, wages, and commissions
    306       400  
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
    362       439  
Deferred revenue (billed or collected) — current
    2,431       2,664  
Taxes payable, other than income taxes payable
    85       97  
Federal, state, and foreign income taxes payable
    84       59  
Deferred income taxes — current
    40       106  
                 
Total Current Liabilities
    4,078       4,278  
                 
Long-term debt, net of current portion
    1,287       2,221  
Federal, state, and foreign income taxes payable
    284       225  
Deferred income taxes — noncurrent
    136       200  
Deferred revenue (billed or collected) — noncurrent
    1,000       1,036  
Other noncurrent liabilities
    123       87  
                 
Total Liabilities
    6,908       8,047  
                 
                 
Stockholders’ Equity
               
Preferred stock, no par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized; No shares issued and outstanding
           
Common stock, $0.10 par value, 1,100,000,000 shares authorized; 589,695,081 and 589,695,081 shares issued; 514,292,558 and 509,782,514 shares outstanding, respectively
    59       59  
Additional paid-in capital
    3,557       3,566  
Retained earnings
    2,784       2,173  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
    (183 )     (101 )
Treasury stock, at cost, 75,402,523 shares and 79,912,567 shares, respectively
    (1,873 )     (1,988 )
                 
Total Stockholders’ Equity
    4,344       3,709  
                 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
  $  11,252     $ 11,756  
                 
 
See accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

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CA, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
 
                                                 
                      ACCUMULATED
             
          ADDITIONAL
          OTHER
          TOTAL
 
    COMMON
    PAID-IN
    RETAINED
    COMPREHENSIVE
    TREASURY
    STOCKHOLDERS’
 
(IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS)   STOCK     CAPITAL     EARNINGS     LOSS     STOCK     EQUITY  
 
Balance as of March 31, 2006
  $  63     $  4,536     $  1,714     $  (107 )   $  (1,488 )   $  4,718  
Net income
                    118                       118  
Translation adjustment in 2007
                            10               10  
Unrealized gain on marketable securities, net of taxes
                            1               1  
                                             
 
Comprehensive income
                                            129  
Stock-based compensation
            88                               88  
Dividends declared ($0.16 per share)
                    (88 )                     (88 )
Exercise of common stock options, ESPP, and other items
            (95 )                     113       18  
Issuance of options related to acquisitions, net of amortization
            5                               5  
Treasury stock purchased
                                    (225 )     (225 )
Common stock purchased and retired
    (4 )     (987 )                             (991 )
                                                 
Balance as of March 31, 2007
  $ 59     $ 3,547     $ 1,744     $ (96 )   $ (1,600 )   $ 3,654  
                                                 
Net income
                    500                       500  
Translation adjustment in 2008
                            (4 )             (4 )
Unrealized loss on marketable securities, net of taxes
                            (1 )             (1 )
                                             
 
Comprehensive income
                                            495  
Adoption of new accounting principle — FIN 48
                    11                       11  
Stock-based compensation
            102                               102  
Dividends declared ($0.16 per share)
                    (82 )                     (82 )
Exercise of common stock options, ESPP, and other items
            (85 )                     112       27  
Issuance of options related to acquisitions, net of amortization
            2                               2  
Treasury stock purchased
                                    (500 )     (500 )
                                                 
Balance as of March 31, 2008
  $ 59     $ 3,566     $ 2,173     $ (101 )   $ (1,988 )   $ 3,709  
                                                 
 
See accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

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CA, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (Continued)
 
                                                 
                      ACCUMULATED
             
          ADDITIONAL
          OTHER
          TOTAL
 
    COMMON
    PAID-IN
    RETAINED
    COMPREHENSIVE
    TREASURY
    STOCKHOLDERS’
 
(IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS)   STOCK     CAPITAL     EARNINGS     LOSS     STOCK     EQUITY  
 
Balance as of March 31, 2008
  $  59     $  3,566     $  2,173     $  (101 )   $  (1,988 )   $  3,709  
Net income
                    694                       694  
Translation adjustment in 2009
                            (77 )             (77 )
Unrealized loss on derivatives, net of $3 million in taxes
                            (5 )             (5 )
                                             
 
Comprehensive income
                                            612  
Stock-based compensation
            92                               92  
Dividends declared ($0.16 per share)
                    (83 )                     (83 )
Exercise of common stock options, ESPP, and other items
            (101 )                     119       18  
Treasury stock purchased
                                    (4 )     (4 )
                                                 
Balance as of March 31, 2009
  $ 59     $ 3,557     $ 2,784     $ (183 )   $ (1,873 )   $ (4,344 )
                                                 
 
See accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

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CA, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
 
                         
    YEAR ENDED MARCH 31,  
(IN MILLIONS)   2009     2008     2007  
 
OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
                       
Net income
  $  694     $  500     $  118  
Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes
                3  
                         
Income from continuing operations
    694       500       121  
Adjustments to reconcile income from continuing operations to net cash provided
                       
by continuing operating activities:
                       
Depreciation and amortization
    274       273       502  
Provision for deferred income taxes
    (42 )     (4 )     (217 )
Provision for bad debts
    15       23       4  
Non-cash stock based compensation expense and defined contribution plan
    116       122       116  
Non-cash charge for purchased in-process research and development
                10  
(Gains) losses on sale and disposal of assets and repayment of debt, net
    (3 )     12       (18 )
Charge for impairment of assets
    5       6       16  
Foreign currency transaction losses (gains) — before taxes
    67       (28 )      
Changes in other operating assets and liabilities, net of effect of acquisitions:
                       
Decrease in trade and current installment accounts receivable, net
    44       71       195  
Decrease in noncurrent installment accounts receivable, net
    155       40       79  
(Decrease) increase in deferred revenue (billed or collected) — current and noncurrent
    (49 )     258       294  
Increase (decrease) in taxes payable, net
    35       (82 )     (93 )
Decrease in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other
    (99 )     (95 )     (12 )
(Decrease) increase in accrued salaries, wages, and commissions
    (29 )     26       (14 )
Restructuring and other, net
    (13 )     12       77  
Changes in other operating assets and liabilities
    42       (31 )     8  
                         
Net Cash Provided by Continuing Operating Activities
    1,212       1,103       1,068  
                         
Investing Activities:
                       
Acquisitions, primarily goodwill, purchased software, and other intangible assets, net of cash acquired
    (76 )     (27 )     (212 )
Settlements of purchase accounting liabilities
    (7 )     (7 )     (21 )
Purchases of property and equipment
    (83 )     (117 )     (150 )
Proceeds from sale and divesture of assets
    6       19       22  
Proceeds from sale-lease back transactions
          27       201  
Capitalized software development costs
    (129 )     (112 )     (85 )
Other investing activities
    5       (2 )     43  
                         
Net Cash Used in Investing Activities
    (284 )     (219 )     (202 )
                         
 
See accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

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CA, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Continued)
 
                         
    YEAR ENDED MARCH 31,  
(IN MILLIONS)   2009     2008     2007  
 
FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
                       
Dividends paid
    (83 )     (82 )     (88 )
Purchases of common stock
    (4 )     (500 )     (1,216 )
Debt borrowings
    1       750       751  
Debt repayments
    (680 )     (759 )     (5 )
Debt issuance costs
          (3 )      
Exercise of common stock options and other
    7       22       43  
                         
Net Cash Used in Financing Activities
    (759 )     (572 )     (515 )
                         
Increase in Cash and Cash Equivalents
                       
before Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash
    169       312       351  
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
    (252 )     208       93  
                         
(Decrease) Increase in Cash and Cash Equivalents
    (83 )     520       444  
Cash and Cash Equivalents at Beginning of Period
    2,795       2,275       1,831  
                         
Cash and Cash Equivalents at End of Period
  $  2,712     $  2,795     $  2,275  
                         
 
See accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

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Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements
 
Note 1 — Significant Accounting Policies
(a) Description of Business: CA, Inc. and subsidiaries (the Company) develops, markets, delivers and licenses software products and services.
 
(b) Principles of Consolidation: The Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of the Company and its majority-owned and controlled subsidiaries. Investments in affiliates owned 50% or less are accounted for by the equity method. Intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Companies acquired during each reporting period are reflected in the results of the Company effective from their respective dates of acquisition through the end of the reporting period (refer to Note 2, “Acquisitions and Divestitures” in these Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information).
 
(c) Divestiture: In November 2006, the Company sold its 70% equity interest in Benit Company (Benit) to the minority interest holder. As a result, Benit has been classified as a discontinued operation and its results of operations have been reclassified in the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2007. The cash flows for Benit were deemed immaterial for separate presentation as a discontinued operation in the Consolidated Balance Sheet and Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. All related footnotes to the Consolidated Financial Statements have been adjusted to exclude the effect of the operating results of Benit. Refer to Note 2, “Acquisitions and Divestitures,” in these Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
 
(d) Use of Estimates: The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Although these estimates are based on management’s knowledge of current events and actions it may undertake in the future, these estimates may ultimately differ from actual results.
 
(e) Translation of Foreign Currencies: Foreign currency assets and liabilities of the Company’s international subsidiaries are translated using the exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date. Results of operations are translated using the average exchange rates prevailing throughout the year. The effects of exchange rate fluctuations on translating foreign currency assets and liabilities into U.S. dollars are accumulated as part of the foreign currency translation adjustment in Stockholders’ Equity. Gains and losses from foreign currency transactions are included in the “Other (gains) expenses, net” line item in the Consolidated Statements of Operations in the period in which they occur. Net income includes exchange transaction gains (losses) and the impact of derivatives, net of taxes, of approximately $7 million, $17 million and $0 million in the fiscal years ended March 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively. Refer to Note 4, “Derivatives and Fair Value Measurements,” for additional information.
 
(f) Revenue Recognition: The Company generates revenue from the following primary sources: (1) licensing software products; (2) providing customer technical support (referred to as “maintenance”); and (3) providing professional services, such as product implementation, consulting and education. Revenue is recorded net of applicable sales taxes.
 
The Company recognizes revenue pursuant to the requirements of Statement of Position (SOP) 97-2, Software Revenue Recognition ,” issued by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, as amended by SOP 98-9, Modification of SOP 97-2, Software Revenue Recognition, With Respect to Certain Transactions. ” In accordance with SOP 97-2, the Company begins to recognize revenue from licensing and maintenance when all of the following criteria are met: (1) the Company has evidence of an arrangement with a customer; (2) the Company delivers the products; (3) license agreement terms are fixed or determinable and free of contingencies or uncertainties that may alter the agreement such that it may not be complete and final; and (4) collection is probable.
 
The Company’s software licenses generally do not include acceptance provisions. An acceptance provision allows a customer to test the software for a defined period of time before committing to license the software. If a license agreement includes an acceptance provision, the Company does not recognize revenue until the earlier of the receipt of a written customer acceptance or, if not notified by the customer to cancel the license agreement, the expiration of the acceptance period.
 
Under the Company’s subscription model, implemented in October 2000, software license agreements typically combine the right to use specified software products, the right to maintenance, and the right to receive unspecified future software

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